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Unformatted text preview: 1-20-11Mill on RulesoPrinciple of utility justifies actsoIt need not be a motivation or even a practical testoWe apply it by secondary principles, common sense moral rulesoWe justify these rules by utilityoWe appeal to the principle of utility only when secondary principles conflictAct v. Rule Utilitarianism oAct utilitarianism (Bentham): an act is right if it maximizes goodoUtility -actoRule Utilitarianism (Maimonides): an act is right if it accords with the rules that maximize goodoUtility Rules ActoDisagree when a rule conflicts with utilityBreaking RulesoWhat if we can do better by breaking a (good) rule?oDont break it!oRules essential to moral thoughtoWe are tempted to break rules for our own advantageoWell usually go wrongoMoral chaosInterpreting MilloIs Mill an act or rule-utilitarian?oHis greatest happiness principle speaks of actsoBut he stresses secondary principlesMill: Acts and RulesoAct utilitarianism is right, but act as a rule utilitarianoAct utilitarianism is theoretically correct: it tells us what makes right acts right...
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course PHI 2100 taught by Professor Mikepatterson during the Spring '12 term at FSU.
- Spring '12