2-8-11 - MEATRIX Singers Utilitarian Argument o What is...

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2-8-11 MEATRIX Singer’s Utilitarian Argument o What is morally relevant? o What makes someone/something worthy of moral consideration Suffering o The capacity for suffering and enjoyment o Bentham: “the question is not, Can they reason? Nor can they talk? But, can they suffer?” Equal Consideration o Equality: everyone’s interests deserve equal consideration o A prescription of how we should treat beings o Bentham: “each to count for one and none for more than one.” o Sidgwick: “The good of any one individual is of no more importance, from the point of view (if I may say so) of the Universe, than the good of any other.” Racism, Sexism, Speciesism o Refusal to give equal consideration on the basis of: o Racism – race o Sexism – sex o Speciesism – species o In each case, interests of one group are favored unfairly over those of others Utilitarian Basis o Capacity for suffering and/or enjoyment is a prerequisite for having interests o
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