Exam 4

Exam 4 - Practice (1) 999,999 out of 1,000,000 people who...

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Practice (1) 999,999 out of 1,000,000 people who play the lottery will not win the grand prize. (2) Smith plays the lottery. (C) Probably, Smith will not win the grand prize. Deductively invalid Inductively forceful Review: Principle of Charity Steps to Reconstruction (1) Removing extraneous material (2) Defusing rhetoric (3) Logical streamlining (4) Making implicit premises explicit (5) Connecting premises (1) Extraneous Material Subject matter that plays no role in the argument itself (extra stuff). Identify its conclusion, then its premise Before: o I have been around for a long time, and I think it’s safe to say that James will be fine trying to steal food from that lion because he’s a very confident person. After: (1) I have been around for a long time. (2) If James is very confident, he will be fine trying to steal food from that pack of lions. (3) James is very confident. (C) James will be fine trying to steal food from that pack of lions. After: (1) If James is very confident, he will be fine trying to steal food from that pack of lions. (2) James is very confident. (C) James will be fine trying to steal food from that (2) Defusing Rhetoric Remove rhetoric Try to neutralize the rhetorical force that comes with propositions. When reconstructing, eliminate metaphors, expressive epithets and slang. Rhetorical questions should always be rewritten as declarative sentences Before Karen’s acting like she’s made out of money lately. Graduate assistants don’t make that kind of money. Something is suspicious here. After (1) Karen’s acting like she’s made out of money.
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(2) Graduate assistants don’t make the sort of money she’s been spending. (C) Something suspicious is going on. After (1) Karen has been spending more money than she should be spending. (2) If someone has been spending more money than they should have, then something suspicious is going on. (C) Something suspicious is going on. (3) Logical Streamlining Using standard logical operators as much as possible. Before o I’m sure I won’t Wednesday. I will study Monday unless I won’t study Tuesday and I’ll either study on Wednesday or I won’t study on Tuesday! And I’m not studying on Monday! After (1) I will study Monday unless I won’t study Tuesday. (2) I will either study on Tuesday or I won’t study Wednesday. (3) I won’t study Monday. (C) I won’t study Wednesday. After (1) If I won’t study Monday, I won’t study Tuesday. (2) If I won’t study Tuesday, I won’t study Wednesday. (3) I won’t study Monday. (C) I won’t study Tuesday (4) Making Implicit Premises Explicit Stating explicitly any unstated premises that are relevant to the argument. Before
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course PHI 2100 taught by Professor Mikepatterson during the Spring '12 term at FSU.

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Exam 4 - Practice (1) 999,999 out of 1,000,000 people who...

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