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1-20-11 - Argument Assessment o Assessing(or evaluating and...

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1-20-11 Argument Assessment o Assessing (or evaluating) and argument is attempting to determine how good the argument is o Reconstructing an argument is representing it in standard form as clearly and comprehensively as possible Inductive Arguments o Attempt to show that the conclusion is probable given the premises o Forcefulness o Inductive Soundness Deductive Arguments o Attempt to show that the conclusion is necessary/ guaranteed given the premises o Validity o Soundness Our goals when arguing, if we are critical thinkers Principle of Charity o The principle of charity says that we should give the best possible representation of the other person’s argument Why? o If an argument fails, we can neither conclude that its conclusion is true or false o Its possible for a failed argument to have a true conclusion o A successful argument either guarantees that the conclusion is true or shows that the conclusion is likely o Its not nice to be uncharitable How to follow the principle of charity o Make implicit premises explicit:
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