Test 3 - Review Questions PHI 2630 Spring 2011 Exam 3...

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Review Questions PHI 2630 – Spring 2011 Exam 3 Pornography What is the difference between pornography and erotica? (from lecture) Miller v. California What is the obscenity test proposed by the court in this case? Why does the majority think that obscenity is not protected by the first amendment? Why does Justice Douglas (in the dissent) think that offense doesn’t justify government interference? MacKinnon How does MacKinnon characterize feminism? In what ways is pornography harmful to women? Why is pornography discriminatory? What is MacKinnon’s criticism of the definition of obscenity put forth in the Miller decision? The Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography What is a primary harm? What is a secondary harm? Why is sexually violent material harmful, according to the commission? How does the commission define “degrading?” Does the commission think that non-violent non-degrading pornography is harmful in any way? McElroy How does McElroy respond to the claim that pornography violates women’s civil rights? How does McElroy argue that not all women involved in the production of pornography are harmed? How does McElroy argue that pornography does not harm women who are not consumers of or participants in pornography? Rights and Responsibilities What is the difference between a general and a positive right? What is the difference between a substantive and a procedural right? Hobbes How does Hobbes characterize the state of nature? What rights do we have in the state of nature? What is the first law of nature? What is the second law of nature? What is the third law of nature? What motivates us (in the state of nature) to form governments? What do we give up when we join the state? Locke
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According to Locke the state of nature is a state of liberty, but not of license. What does he mean by that? According to Locke, what is the law of nature? What rights do we have in the state of nature? What motivates us (in the state of nature) to form governments? What do we give up to do so? Mill What is the difference between a perfect and an imperfect duty? Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide What is the difference between euthanasia and physician assisted suicide? Be able to summarize the main points of the Quinlan case. (Make sure you go back and look at the reading and not just at your notes.) Summarize the argument from nature against euthanasia. (Gay-Williams) Summarize the self-interest argument against euthanasia. (Gay-Williams) Summarize the practical effects argument against euthanasia. (Gay-Williams) Summarize the mercy argument for euthanasia. (Rachels) Summarize the argument from the golden rule for euthanasia. (Rachels) Summarize the liberty argument for euthanasia. (Dworkin et al.) Why do the philosophers find the possibility of error incapable of supporting a ban on euthanasia? (Dworkin et al.) Be able to summarize and answer questions about the court’s decision in Washington v.
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