Exam 1

Exam 1 - Personality Psychology Syllabus &...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality Psychology Syllabus & Introduction In this class, you will learn Ways people differ from each other How psychologists measure those differences How those differences affect What is Personality? Defining personality traits: A unique set of consistent emotional, cognitive, and behavioral 3 Levels of Personality Analysis Human Nature Individual & Group Diffs Individual Uniqueness Human Nature: How we are like all others Personality traits & mechanisms possessed by nearly everyone Individual & Group Diffs Individual diffs : ways in which each person is like/different from some other people Ex: Being high/low in sensation seeking Individual & Group Diffs (continued) Group diffs : how people differ across groups Ex: cultural diffs, age diffs Individual Uniqueness: How we are like no others Everyone has unique qualities not shared by any other person Traits: The WHAT of personality How people are different from each other They are useful because they can Describe people Explain behavior Predict future behavior Mechanisms : The HOW of personality How does personality affect behavior? Three ingredients 1. Inputs Becoming more sensitive to certain information 2. Decision rules More likely to think about specific options What influences behavior? Personality Assessment Chapter 2: Part 1 Definition of personality? A unique set of consistent emotional, cognitive, and behavioral Measurement ! Whats the first thing you learn in most high school science classes (particularly in lab classes)? Why ? What if you had someone in the lab and you wanted to measure how vampiric they were? Ways to measure things Ask them (self report) Ask their friends (other report) Different kinds of tests Situational tests E.g. Put them in a situation where they could act outgoing Biological tests- No opinion (Completely objective) Disadvantage: can be interpreted in different ways. Self Report Data Drawbacks People can lie E.g. job interview questionnaire s Bias. There are things people dont even Advantages There are things people know about themselves that no one else does Observer Report Data Types of observers: 1. Professional personality assessors + Trained and experienced in assessment 2. Friends/family of Ps + More naturalistic + Can assess across social situations - Observer may be biased Test Data Situational test : Do people behave differently in identical situations? Test Data Situation designed to elicit behaviors that serve as indicators of personality Ex: Emergency situation Elicited behavior can be scored by independent raters Test Data Limitations Ps might guess what is being measured and then alter their behavior Ps may interpret testing situation diff than intended Researcher might influence behavior Measurement Issues Chapter 2: Part 2 Personality tests are...
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Exam 1 - Personality Psychology Syllabus &...

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