Exam 3

Exam 3 - Emotions& Personality How would you feel People...

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Unformatted text preview: Emotions & Personality How would you feel? People with different personalities have differences in emotion ◦ Differences in Content Which emotions people experience (fear vs. excitement) ◦ Differences in Style How easily an emotion can be elicited The intensity of someone’s emotions Some personality traits are all about Personality & Emotions States are transitory (temporary) ◦ Generally caused by the situation ◦ Emotion: how you feel RIGHT NOW Traits are patterns of behavior ◦ Generally caused by something within the individual ◦ Emotion: how you usually feel There are state versions of many individual differences ◦ E.g. state versus trait self-esteem States & Traits Content of Emotional Life Pleasant emotions : Happiness & life satisfaction ◦ 2 ways to define happiness: (1) Judgment that life is satisfying (2) More positive than negative emotions 1---------2----------3---------4----------5----------6 Strongly Moderately Slightly Slightly Moderately Strongly Disagree Disagree Disagree Agree Agree Agree 1. In most ways my life is close to my ideal. (4) 2. If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing. (3) 3. I am satisfied with my life. (5) 4. So far I have gotten the important things I want in life. (5) 5. The conditions of my life are excellent. (5) Satisfaction with Life Scale Happiness scores and life-satisfaction scores correlate positively with positive life outcomes. ◦ What does this mean? Reciprocal Causality Content of Emotional Life Surveys of happiness & subjective well-being: ◦ Happy people : less abusive & hostile more helpful, creative, energetic, forgiving, & trusting Content of Emotional Life Measures of happiness correlate w/ social desirability scores ◦ Positive illusions : important to happiness ◦ Inflated view of self as Good Able Desirable Unpleasant Emotions ◦ Link between neuroticism & self-reported health probs Multiple possible explanations! ◦ Major diseases are not related to neuroticism ◦ Neuroticism à diminished immune functioning during stress Personality & well-being Experiment: measure personality & then do mood induction ◦ Results: Extraversion : Predicts responses to positive stimuli Neuroticism : Predicts responses to negative stimuli ◦ Easy to put extraverts in a good mood & neurotic people in a bad mood Emotional Style Affect intensity ◦ High intensity : experience emotions strongly emotionally reactive & variable ◦ Low intensity : experience emotions mildly gradual fluctuations & minor reactions Exercise...
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course PPE 3003 taught by Professor Madsen during the Summer '06 term at FSU.

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Exam 3 - Emotions& Personality How would you feel People...

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