RDG 091 Practice Final
Long ago, a dark spruce forest frowned on either side of the frozen waterway like a sad spirit. The
trees had been stripped by a recent wind of their covering of frost, and they seemed to lean toward each
other, black and ominous, in the fading light. A vast silence reigned over the land like a soft protective
cover of cotton batting. Over time the land had become desolate, lifeless, without movement, so lone and
cold that the feeling from it was worse than sadness. There was a gray, wild futility in this wilderness.
Jargon refers to the specialized language used by members of a particular trade, group, or
profession. Although not technically in the same category as slanted language, jargon, like double speak,
weasel words, and the like, can be used to deceive. The use of jargon can make the writer or speaker sound
more intelligent or learned than if he or she used ordinary discourse. In and of itself, jargon is not
necessarily harmful, at least not in the same way as other kinds of slanted language. It is certainly natural
and probably necessary for specialists in a field to have their own special terminology that outsiders might
not understand. While most of us associate the word holiday with a day at the beach or simply a day when
we can sleep late, to a house painter, a holiday means a spot on the wall that his brush has missed.
They moved in an orderly procession. Because they came first, the fur trappers roaming far in
advance of the settled area as they gathered the bales (bundles) of shiny beaver peltry that would gladden
the hearts of Europe’s elite, had the freest existence. Then came the miners, who also left civilization far
behind as they prospected mountain streams and desert wastes in their endless quest for gold or silver.
Behind them were the cattlemen, seeking grassy pastures where their herds could graze without the