Lec 3 The Problem of the Criterion

Lec 3 The Problem of the Criterion - Epistemological...

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Unformatted text preview: Epistemological Questions Two important questions in the theory of knowledge: What is knowledge? What are the necessary and sufficient conditions (or criteria) of knowledge? What does the term "knowledge mean? What do we know? What is the extent of our knowledge? Can we know anything at all? The Problem of the Criterion Chisholm contrasts the following pair of questions: A. What do we know? Or: What is the extent of our knowledge? B.How are we to decide whether we know? What are the criteria of knowledge? I can only identify instances of knowledge provided I already know what the necessary and sufficient conditions for knowledge are. I can only know what the necessary and sufficient conditions for knowledge are provided I am already able to identify instances of knowledge. And so we can formulate the position of the skeptic on these matters. He will say: You cannot answer question A until you have answered question B. And you cannot answer question B until you have answered question A. Therefore you cannot answer either question. You cannot know what, if anything, you know, and there is no possible way for you to decide in any particular case. Is there any reply to this? (Chisholm, The Problem of the Criterion, pp. 444).decide in any particular case....
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Lec 3 The Problem of the Criterion - Epistemological...

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