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PERSONAL IDENTITY LOCKE 1. Qualitative Identity : Similarity between objects or different temporal stages in the life of the very same object. Identical twins, two dimes. (but can differ in location) 2. Numerical Identity : number of objects. Morning Star and Evening Star; Clark Kent and Superman (share every feature including location; can ask of x numerical identity across time, @ t1 and t2) Problem with Questions of Identity A. Most problems the understanding encounters in determining identity arise from language that is either imprecise or mistaken—people compare and consider things that are identical when they are in fact instances of diversity. B. Such factors obscure the intended idea under consideration and, consequently, affect the understanding’s ability to perceive relations of identity and diversity. Confusion with respect to identity is the result of a muddle b/t names and ideas So, we need to be clear on what name stands for what idea C. Thus, need to clarify what each name stands for what idea Identity Defined Identity = When two ideas pertaining to the items that the understanding compares together are the same the understanding pronounces the two identical. Diversity = When the two ideas compared are not the same and lack the relation of identity, the understanding will pronounce the two to be different. Different Types of Substances Locke distinguishes between various types of substances: material (bodies, living animals) and immaterial (souls) 1. Body: name given to the idea of two or more particles existing united together to form a mass of matter; however, an addition or subtraction of a single particle changes the body so that it is no longer the same with the body prior to its alteration. a. Thus, body @ t1 body @ t2 with different composition of molecules are different bodies. However, if they have the same composition, the bodies represented by the name ‘body’ is the
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course ECON 25 taught by Professor Shirey during the Spring '11 term at UC Irvine.

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