Philo - Villalobos, Anabel Philosophy 1 Oct 13, 2011 Word...

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Villalobos, Anabel Philosophy 1 Oct 13, 2011 Word Count: The problem of the criterion raises questions concerning the principles of reasoning and justification. It is a conflict yet to be solved, in which one does not know where the starting point of knowledge is. Roderick Chisholm, in Theory of Knowledge , provides two questions that bring about the problem of the criterion: What do we know? and How do we know? One answer to a question gives us the answer to the other question. However, which one do we answer first? Answering either question falls into three categories: particularism, skepticism and methodism. Each approach provides a solution for the problem of the criterion. Particularism is an approach in which philosophers answer the first question regarding the extent of our knowledge. For instance, consider an analogy of cows. We can define what cows are without knowing which things are cows. Methodism, on the other hand, attempts to answer the second question of the criterion of knowing. If we have known beliefs of what cows are, then we can know which things are cows. Skepticism, however, regards that answers to the questions are
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course ECON 25 taught by Professor Shirey during the Spring '11 term at UC Irvine.

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Philo - Villalobos, Anabel Philosophy 1 Oct 13, 2011 Word...

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