Dualism vs. Physicalism (Materialism) •Dualism is the view that the mind and the body are two different types of stuff that are temporarily joined. •Arguments for dualism rely on Leibniz„sLaw. Mind and body are said to be distinct because the qualities of mental states are different from the qualities of physical (material, bodily) states. •Physicalism (materialism) is the view that the mind and the body are both ultimately physical. The mind can be analyzed in terms of physical or material things because the mental states are physical states. •Physicalism is the view that “physicalnature fully determines psychological nature”(Braddon-Mitchell/Jackson, p. 29).
Three Kinds of Physicalism Behaviorism: the view that mental states are behavioral dispositions Identity Theory: the view that mental states are brain states Functionalism: the view that mental states are the internal causes of behavior These are kinds of physicalism because behavior, brain states and internal causes of behavior are physical states.
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