Social Science 1A – Principles in the Social Sciences
Study Guide Exam I
Exam 1 is scheduled for
Monday October 24, 2011 at 10:00am
and will cover
1, 3, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 19, 21, 49
, lecture material, films and handouts.
Please bring a red Scantron form: F-288-Par-L
From the lectures, please know the following:
What is the purpose of the Social Science 1A course?
The purpose of this course is to introduce the disciplines comprising the social sciences. The various
branches have developed common and unique methods for understanding human behavior.
What is the definition of social science?
The study of human beings and their social world (relationship with other people)
What are the various social sciences?
Various branches: anthropology, sociology, economics, social science, political science, linguistics,
geography and psychology
What are the different ways of obtaining knowledge and answering questions?
We viewed a short film on the Columbia Accident Investigation.
We will have one or two questions regarding the actions of the NASA that hindered the accident
Who is Francis Bacon?
Francis Bacon is the father of modern science; died 1926. He was an empiricist, against theories; he
warned against faulty thinking and believed that ―knowledge is power‖.
What are Bacon’s doctrines of empiricism and induction?
Knowledge comes from observations.
Use induction to form conclusions
How does induction work as a means to discover empirical laws?
Helps by observing and then forming a theory
Why did Bacon criticize the use of hypotheses in science?
He criticized the use of hypothesis in science in that you ―can‘t be settled by argument‖ because often
times, scientists try to find evidence that fits their hypothesis and may form a false conclusion.
Instead, he believed that scientist should observe and then make a theory. He claimed that a
hypothesis was an anticipation of nature and that instead one should interpret nature.
What did Bacon mean by “knowledge is power?”
Knowledge is the force that drives history.
What is the practical purpose of the social sciences for Bacon?
―Knowledge is power‖; must use science to prove technology; that science would solve all our
problems and make the world a utopia
Know the meaning of the four Idols of the Mind that interfere with the search for correct knowledge
according to Bacon.