EXAM 1 - Page 1 Social Science 1A Principles in the Social...

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Page 1 Social Science 1A – Principles in the Social Sciences Fall 2011 Study Guide Exam I Exam 1 is scheduled for Monday October 24, 2011 at 10:00am and will cover chapters 1, 3, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 19, 21, 49 , lecture material, films and handouts. Please bring a red Scantron form: F-288-Par-L From the lectures, please know the following: What is the purpose of the Social Science 1A course? The purpose of this course is to introduce the disciplines comprising the social sciences. The various branches have developed common and unique methods for understanding human behavior. What is the definition of social science? The study of human beings and their social world (relationship with other people) What are the various social sciences? Various branches: anthropology, sociology, economics, social science, political science, linguistics, geography and psychology What are the different ways of obtaining knowledge and answering questions? Common sense Authority Tradition/religion Science Logic/reasoning We viewed a short film on the Columbia Accident Investigation. We will have one or two questions regarding the actions of the NASA that hindered the accident investigation. ON NOTES Who is Francis Bacon? Francis Bacon is the father of modern science; died 1926. He was an empiricist, against theories; he warned against faulty thinking and believed that ―knowledge is power‖. What are Bacon’s doctrines of empiricism and induction? A) Knowledge comes from observations. B) Use induction to form conclusions How does induction work as a means to discover empirical laws? Helps by observing and then forming a theory Why did Bacon criticize the use of hypotheses in science? He criticized the use of hypothesis in science in that you ―can‘t be settled by argument‖ because often times, scientists try to find evidence that fits their hypothesis and may form a false conclusion. Instead, he believed that scientist should observe and then make a theory. He claimed that a hypothesis was an anticipation of nature and that instead one should interpret nature. What did Bacon mean by “knowledge is power?” Knowledge is the force that drives history. What is the practical purpose of the social sciences for Bacon? ―Knowledge is power‖; must use science to prove technology; that science would solve all our problems and make the world a utopia Know the meaning of the four Idols of the Mind that interfere with the search for correct knowledge according to Bacon.
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Page 2 NOTES Why did Rene Descartes support the use of theory in science? He didn‘t trust experiences: we need theories to explain our observations What analogy did Descartes use to indicate the importance of theory? Analogy of the watch: watch mechanism, can look at time, but must look inside to understand
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course ECON 25 taught by Professor Shirey during the Spring '11 term at UC Irvine.

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EXAM 1 - Page 1 Social Science 1A Principles in the Social...

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