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Final - Villalobos Anabel Sociology 1 Final 1 The...

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Villalobos, Anabel Sociology 1 Final 1. The methodological problem with this argument is that correlation does not imply causation. The chart shows that as the number of pirates decreased, global temperatures increased. In fact, the numbers are disordered on the x-axis. The argument is an example of logical fallacy when assuming that correlation equals causation. The chart itself is not an argument; it is satire on logical fallacy. Hence, the problem is accuracy as well. 2. Personal troubles occur within the character of the individual and the choice of the individuals’ relations with others. Public Issues, on the other hand, go beyond local environment of the individual and the range of the person’s inner life. For example, in a large city if only one man is unemployed, then that is his personal trouble. However, in a nation with thousands unemployed, it becomes a public issue. Another example of a public trouble is a social security benefit fraud because it becomes a loss of public revenues and support. 3. In the film Streetlife: The Invisible Family, shelters are highlighted as a solution to homelessness in Utah. Institutionalized shelters align with the functionalist perspective. That is, shelters are support systems that provide employment and job training. This is necessary and efficient for the function of society because the homeless are exposed to volunteers or other opportunities. Another solution is food banks. From the functionalist perspective, food banks also provide jobs to people who work in them. Also, if people are healthy, then they are able to get jobs and be efficient, which is functional for the economy, families and for society. 4. Hunter-gatherer societies tend to have non-hierarchical social structures. These societies have no formal education system and children grow up with independence. Hence, we would not find
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the same results as in Milgram’s experiment. That is, there is no complex political systems and there is little wealth or power to distribute among the members. Although a skilled hunter may become a “great man”, there is no extensive power because these societies have collective decision making, unlike Milgram’s experiment, in which the “doctor” gave orders that were obeyed. 5. From the functionalist perspective, it is necessary and efficient to have growing racial-ethnic minority populations in the US. This generates diversity and less segregation in the US, to which different cultures contribute to it. Although White Americans may soon be the minority group, they will experience what it means to compete from the bottom position; functionalists believe it is part of the process of social stratification. 6. Chambliss finds that in observing the two groups that The Saints were actually far more deviant than The Roughnecks , but they got away with it because they were able to commit their deviant acts outside of their home town and portray themselves as good citizens. Thus, public portrayal of one’s self may not represent one’s private activities or values. The nature of deviance
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