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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 9 COVERAGE OF LEARNING OBJECTIVES LEARNING OBJECTIVES QUESTIONS EXERCISES PROBLEMS OTHER LO1: Account for current liabilities. 1,2,3,4 34,35,36,37, 38,39 53,54 LO2: Measure and account for long-term liabilities. 5,6,7,8,9,10, 11,12,13, 30,31 38,39,40 54,55,56, 84,85 87,91 LO3: Account for bond issues over their entire life. 14,15,16, 17,31 41 57,58,59, 60,61,62, 63,64,65, 66,67,68, 69,70 LO4: Value and account for long-term lease obligations. 18,19,20, 21,22 42 71,72,73,74, 75,76,77 89,91 LO5: Evaluate pensions and other postretirement benefits. 23 43 78,79 88,91 LO6: Interpret deferred tax liabilities. 24,25,26,27 44 80,81,82 LO7: Use ratio analysis to assess a companys debt levels. 28,32 45 83 89,90 LO8: Compute and interpret present and future values (Appendix 9). 29,33 41,46,47,48, 49,50,51,52 86 Chapter 9 Liabilities and Interest 319 CHAPTER 9 9-1 Current liabilities are obligations that fall due within the coming year (or within one operating cycle, if longer than a year). Long-term liabilities fall due beyond 1 year from the balance sheet date, or beyond the operating cycle (if longer than 1 year). 9-2 Accounts payable are obligations arising from purchasing goods and services on credit. Notes payable are promises to repay principal plus interest at specific future dates. Salaries and wages payable are amounts earned by employees but not yet paid . Income taxes payable are taxes yet to be paid to the government on recorded income. Current portion of long-term debt is the amount of principal due within the next year on long- term debt. Interest and rent are additional accruals. 9-3 Except for additional clerical costs, withholding taxes do not add to employer costs. It is true that Social Security taxes have two partsa portion withheld from the employee and an equal portion paid by the employer. 9-4 No. Warranty expenses and warranty obligations should be accrued at the time of sale. Such recognition requires an estimate of warranty claims, but a best estimate is better than ignoring the obligation for warranty services. 9-5 A mortgage bond is secured by the pledge of specific property. A debenture is a general claim against the total assets of the firm. If the same company issues both mortgage bonds and debentures, the mortgage bond is safer because mortgage bondholders have first claim on funds from liquidation of the pledged asset or assets. 9-6 If no lien exists against specific assets, the bond is called a debenture . Holders of debentures have no specific claim against the assets beyond their general claim against the total assetsa claim shared with other general creditors, such as trade creditors. Subordinated debentures give bondholders a claim that is junior to other general creditors claims against the total assets. If the debentures are unsubordinated , the holders would have the same priority as general creditors....
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2012 for the course STERN C10.0001.0 taught by Professor Hipscher during the Spring '11 term at NYU.
- Spring '11