Foundations of Exercise Science Lecture Notes

Foundations of Exercise Science Lecture Notes -...

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21:57 July 11, 2011   Definitions: Foundations 1) Sport 2) Exercise 3) Recreation/Leisure 4) Physical Education 5) Dance Sport –Sport is an organized, competitive, entertaining, and skillful activity requiring,  commitment, strategy, and fair play, in which a winner can be defined by objective  means Strategy, chance, skill, don’t know who’s going to win, known objective –Involves: Physical prowess, skill, competition Outcome is uncertain and perceived by skill Practice –Examples: Basketball, tennis, football, soccer, swimming, archery, canoeing Exercise/Fitness
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–Physical Exercise: Any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and  overall health/wellness More formal (ex: gyms) –It is engaged in for various reasons including strengthening muscles, and the  cardiovascular system, mitigating certain diseases, improving athletic skills, weight loss  or maintenance, as well as for the purpose of enjoyment Cardiac rehabilitation, working out at a gym, zumba class, etc. Physical Education –Physical Activity: That takes place in an academic institution, generally involves a  curriculum, goals/objectives and grading Ex: Gym class in high school or college Recreation/Leisure –Recreation: An activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time. The “need to do  something for recreation” seems to be an essential element of human biology and  psychology. Recreational activities are often done for enjoyment, amusement, or  pleasure and are considered to be “fun”. Ex: Bike ride, jog, canoe, hike, play a game of basketball Dance –Dance is one of the earliest recorded forms of human movement. Dance is an art form  that generally refers to movement of the body, usually rhythmic and to music, used as a  form of expression, social interaction, or presented in a spiritual or performance setting. Music as a motivation, media shows Majors –Applied Kinesiology (1) More electives –Exercise Science (2)
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–Exercise Physiology (3) –Sport Management *Know grad school you are looking at for requirements Exercise Physiology –Exercise Physiology: The study of the effects of exercise on the body Ex: Measurements of before/during/after activity such as running on a treadmill 1) Muscular System 2) Respiration 3) Nervous System 4) Circulatory System –Looking for exact/precise information often for research –Looking at the body as a whole Long Term Effects: Length of time 4-5 days/week, 60 minutes, 8 weeks Short Term Effects: Duration Measured during exercise –Study Topics
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Foundations of Exercise Science Lecture Notes -...

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