Biological and Cognitive Psychology Final wk 5

Biological and Cognitive Psychology Final wk 5 - Biological...

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Unformatted text preview: Biological and Cognitive Psychology Biological In the Laboratory and With In Computers: Computers: Past and Present Barbara Baxter, Gerald Lewis, Nicole Valenzuela, Barri Campbell Psy/310 11/14/2011 Dr. Kathleen Andrews, Ph.D. Introduction Introduction Psychology and Technology Education Advertising Healthcare The Death of Behaviorism and the Rise of the Machine Rise Concepts of Behaviorism Concepts All behavior can be explained without considering internal or mental All states. states. All behavior is learned from the environment. All behavior is caused by external stimulus-response. Limitations of Behaviorism Theories failed to converge on natural language. Theories ignored the inference of mental states. Theories were too simplistic for the complexities of human thought Theories processes. Computers and The Cognitive Model The 1948-Norbert Wiener’s book Cybernetics gained scientific attention. 1956- Alan Newell and Herbert Simon announce Nat Rochester and collaborators used the worlds largest computer (IBM 704) to play chess and test Donald Hebb’s neuropsychological theory of cell assemblies. 1957-Noam Chomsky developed the syntactic theory that explained the cognitive processes responsible for the structural aspects of human language. 1958-Alan Newell, J.C. Shaw, and Herbert Simon were using computers to simulate cognitive processes and play chess. 1959-Marvin Minsky and John McCarthy investigated Artificial Intelligence and founded the M.I.T. Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. Computers Advancements in the Field of Artificial Intelligence Intelligence Artificial Intelligence Problem Solving Decision Making-Fuzzy Logic Past Technology and Psychology in the Laboratory the 1902- Psychograph for Phrenology 1929- Electroencephalogram (EEG) 1972- Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT) 1977- Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Present Technology in the Laboratory Laboratory 1983- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) 1990-Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (FMRI) 1918-1927 Pneumoencephalogram (PEG) Conclusion Conclusion Psychology is part of every aspect of society. (King & Tester, 1999, p. 31). Through artificial intelligences, bionic limbs, imaging technologies, and computer simulations science is finding new and creative ways to use psychology for man’s benefit. References References Goodwin, J. (2008). A History of Modern Psychology (3rd Edition ed.). Hoboken, NJ, United States of America: John Wiley and Son Inc. Miller, G. (2003). The cognitive revolution: a historical perspective. Trends in Cognitive Science , 7 (3), 141-144. Cognitive Computing. (2011). Communications of the ACM , 54 (8), 62-71. doi:10.1145/1978542.1978559 Montgomery, C., & Nahrstadt, B.C. (2006). Advanced Strategies for Defending Complex Brain and Spinal Cord Cases. FDCC Quarterly, 56(2), 121-173. Thatcher, Robert. (October, 2011). Neuropsychiatry and Quantitative EEG in the 21st Century. Neuropsychiatry 1.5, 495-514 References References King, P., & Tester, J. (1999). THE LANDSCAPE OF PERSUASIVE TECHNOLOGIES. Communications Of The ACM, 42(5), 31-38. Kroska, A., & Harkness, S. K. (2011). Coping with the Stigma of Mental Illness: Empirically-Grounded Hypotheses from Computer Simulations. Social Forces, 89(4), 1315-1339. Champion, Sandra. The adolescent quest for meaning through multicultural readings: a case study . Library Trends. Gale Jan 1, 1993. 41.3 From Business and Company Resource Center with PROMT, and Newsletters. ...
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