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Copy of Nicole Perspective paper - Psychology has become a...

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Psychology has become a diverse and thriving field thanks to the many theoretical perspectives that have been proposed by scientists and psychologists throughout the years. Modern-day psychology has been shaped by contributions from significant psychological theorists such as John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner, and Edward C. Tolman. Both Watson and Skinner were adamant behaviorists and their perspectives have had a lasting influence on behaviorism and modern-day psychology. Tolman’s contributions to modern-day psychology lie within the realm of cognitive psychology, although he touched upon behavioral aspects of psychology as well. All three of these psychologists were important figures within the field of psychology and have influenced modern-day psychology in many ways. Some of the experiments performed by Watson, Skinner, and Tolman were similar in nature, although each of these men made their own unique conclusions and theories according to the studies that they conducted. John B. Watson “Watson set the stage for behaviorism, which soon rose to dominate psychology” (Cherry, 2010). Watson is referred to as one of the leading names in the founding of the behavioral perspective. Watson preferred to conduct his experiments using animals rather than humans. He also strongly disliked methods of introspection, which is one of the factors that motivated his interest in the perspective of behaviorism. Perhaps one of the most widely known and influential studies that Watson conducted was The Watson/Carr Maze Studies. In this particular experiment Watson used a maze to study what factors helped or hindered a rats ability to learn how to complete a maze effectively. He concluded that the rats relied on their kinesthetic sense to learn and complete the maze. Another well-known experiment conducted by Watson was the Little Albert experiment which he used to study emotional development. The goal of this experiment was to determine if a
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conditioned emotional response could be elicited from a nine month old infant. Watson
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