Copy of N-Perspectives Paper - Perspectives Paper Nicole...

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Perspectives Paper Nicole Valenzuela PSY/310 November 7, 2011 Dr. Kate Andrews Perspectives Paper Thanks to the many theoretical perspectives that psychologists and scientists have proposed over the years, psychology has turned in to a thriving, very diverse field. Significant psychological theorists such as B.F. Skinner, Edward C. Tolman, and John B. Watson’s contributions to the field of psychology have greatly shaped modern-day psychology. B.F. Skinner and John B. Watson were both adamant behaviorists whose perspectives have left a lasting impression and influence on behaviorism. The contributions of Edward C. Tolman to modern-day psychology are mostly within the study of cognitive psychology; however he did touch upon some of the behavioral aspects of psychology also. These three psychologists were important names among the field of psychology and have all had a great amount of influence over modern-day psychology in many unique ways. Though many of the experiments that were done by Skinner, Watson, and Tolman were similar to one another, each of these three psychologists had different, unique theories and conclusions about those experiments. John B. Watson (1878-1958) “Watson set the stage for behaviorism, which soon rose to dominate psychology” (Cherry, 2010). When we speak of the founding of the behavioral perspective, John B. Watson is referred to as a leading name. Instead of humans, Watson preferred to use animals when conducting his experiments. His interest in the perspective of behaviorism was motivated by the fact that he had a strong disliking for the methods of introspection. The Watson/Carr Maze studies, an influential and well known study conducted by Watson, was an experiment in which a maze was used to study which factors would either help or hinder the ability of a rat to successfully complete the given maze (Beck, Levinson, & Irons, 2009).
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The Little Albert experiment is another well popular experiment that was performed by John B. Watson in order to study emotional development. Watson’s goal in the Little Albert experiment was to prove that a nine month old child was capable of eliciting a conditioned, emotional response. A group of tests were performed by Watson that included showing Little Albert an object and making a loud noise behind his head from time to time as he was shown the
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Copy of N-Perspectives Paper - Perspectives Paper Nicole...

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