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Unformatted text preview: Biological and Cognitive Psychology
In the Laboratory and With
Past and Present
Barbara Baxter, Gerald Lewis, Nicole Valenzuela, Barri Campbell
Dr. Kathleen Andrews, Ph.D. Introduction
Introduction The Death of Behaviorism and the
Rise of the Machine
Rise Concepts of Behaviorism
All behavior can be explained without considering internal or mental
All behavior is learned from the environment.
All behavior is caused by external stimulus-response. Limitations of Behaviorism
Theories failed to converge on natural language.
Theories ignored the inference of mental states.
Theories were too simplistic for the complexities of human thought
The Cognitive Model
The 1948-Norbert Wiener’s book Cybernetics gained scientific attention.
1956- Alan Newell and Herbert Simon announce Nat Rochester and
collaborators used the worlds largest computer (IBM 704) to play
chess and test Donald Hebb’s neuropsychological theory of cell
1957-Noam Chomsky developed the syntactic theory that explained
the cognitive processes responsible for the structural aspects of
1958-Alan Newell, J.C. Shaw, and Herbert Simon were using
computers to simulate cognitive processes and play chess.
1959-Marvin Minsky and John McCarthy investigated Artificial
Intelligence and founded the M.I.T. Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. Computers
Advancements in the
Field of Artificial
Intelligence Artificial Intelligence Problem Solving Decision Making-Fuzzy Logic Past Technology and Psychology
the 1902- Psychograph for Phrenology 1929- Electroencephalogram (EEG) 1972- Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT) 1977- Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Present Technology in the
Laboratory 1983- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (FMRI) Pneumoencephalogram (PEG) Conclusion
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