{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

ppp week 5 psy310 - Biological and Cognitive Psychology...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Biological and Cognitive Psychology Biological In the Laboratory and With In Computers: Computers: Past and Present Barbara Baxter, Gerald Lewis, Nicole Valenzuela, Barri Campbell Psy/310 11/14/2011 Dr. Kathleen Andrews, Ph.D. Introduction Introduction The Death of Behaviorism and the Rise of the Machine Rise Concepts of Behaviorism Concepts All behavior can be explained without considering internal or mental All states. states. All behavior is learned from the environment. All behavior is caused by external stimulus-response. Limitations of Behaviorism Theories failed to converge on natural language. Theories ignored the inference of mental states. Theories were too simplistic for the complexities of human thought Theories processes. Computers and The Cognitive Model The 1948-Norbert Wiener’s book Cybernetics gained scientific attention. 1956- Alan Newell and Herbert Simon announce Nat Rochester and collaborators used the worlds largest computer (IBM 704) to play chess and test Donald Hebb’s neuropsychological theory of cell assemblies. 1957-Noam Chomsky developed the syntactic theory that explained the cognitive processes responsible for the structural aspects of human language. 1958-Alan Newell, J.C. Shaw, and Herbert Simon were using computers to simulate cognitive processes and play chess. 1959-Marvin Minsky and John McCarthy investigated Artificial Intelligence and founded the M.I.T. Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. Computers Advancements in the Field of Artificial Intelligence Intelligence Artificial Intelligence Problem Solving Decision Making-Fuzzy Logic Past Technology and Psychology in the Laboratory the 1902- Psychograph for Phrenology 1929- Electroencephalogram (EEG) 1972- Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT) 1977- Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Present Technology in the Laboratory Laboratory 1983- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (FMRI) Pneumoencephalogram (PEG) Conclusion Conclusion References References Goodwin, J. (2008). A History of Modern Psychology (3rd Edition ed.). Hoboken, NJ, United States of America: John Wiley and Son Inc. Miller, G. (2003). The cognitive revolution: a historical perspective. Trends in Cognitive Science , 7 (3), 141-144. Modha, D., R., A., S., E., A., N., A., S., & R., S. (2011). Cognitive Computing. Communications of the ACM , 54 (8), 62-71. Montgomery, C., & Nahrstadt, B.C. (2006). Advanced Strategies for Defending Complex Brain and Spinal Cord Cases. FDCC Quarterly, 56(2), 121-173. Thatcher, Robert. (October, 2011). Neuropsychiatry and Quantitative EEG in the 21st Century. Neuropsychiatry 1.5, 495-514 ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern