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Unit 1 Study Questions Why do organizations and individuals enter employment relationships?The employment relationship between organizations (or employers) and individuals (or employees) is entered because of necessity. Employers require employees to complete tasks, and employees require wage compensation for their tasks in order to purchase daily necessities.Additionally, employers are interested in maximizing profits and minimizing costs, whereas employees are interested in maximizing wages while minimizing the required work. Therefore, this relationship is economic in nature, since value is exchanged. Overall, organizations need individuals and individuals need organizations. There is also a social aspect. The employment relationship is a formal legal contract. What does the word ‘resource’ in the term ‘human resource management’ suggest the nature of the employment relationship? The term ‘resource’ is defined as assets that are necessary for effective operation of an organization. Therefore, in the term ‘human resource management’ it is evident that humans (or employees) are the resource that organizations (or employers) require. Without employees to produce, manage, and administer products or services organizations could not run properly. Employers strive to attain top talent in order for their organization to be the best in a competitive market. The organization can also invest into the education of their current employees to foster growth. A human resource professional can help an organization with these tasks. The employers invest in their employees, and they expect a return on that investment.
In what ways are women typically disadvantaged in employment relationships? What factors explain this disadvantage? Women in the workplace are disadvantaged in several impactful and debilitating ways. Women are underrepresented within certain professions; specifically, self-employment, the STEM fields, and leadership positions in the private sector. There is a clear wage gap with women earning $0.87 for every dollar a man makes. Women are also more likely to accept part-time employment opportunities. This can be explained by the male norm, that jobs are designed assuming that paid employment is the primary task of the employee and social reproduction is handled by someone else. Unfortunately, this is not the case. Women are still dealing with most of the childcare and elder care, which forces them to “choose” certain careers and positions that can accommodate their social responsibilities. Unit 2What worker and employer rights and obligations flow from common law and from statutory law? Common law agreements usually only include the most basic terms of employment (job title, pay rate, and vacation entitlement). The common law obligations of employers include: work and remuneration, a notice of termination, and a safe worksite. Whereas the common law obligations of employees include: obligations of good faith and fidelity, the duty to obey, the obligation to perform work competently, and the requirement to provide a resignation notice. These are clearly asymmetrical, with the employer having less obligations compared to an employee.
Statutory laws are specific to each province and territory within Canada. Most of these