Nietzsche_Presentation-GenLec204 - Nietzsche: Above Humans...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Peter Bornedal, General Lecture, 204 Nietzsche: Above Humans and Gods On Nietzsche’s Beyond Good and Evil
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE German philosopher Born 1844 Breakdown 1889 Death 1899 Seminal Works: The Birth of Tragedy Human, All-too-Human The Cheerful Science Thus Spoke Zarathustra Beyond Good and Evil The Genealogy of Morals The Will to Power: A Revaluation of all Values (1889, unfinished) Subjects of his philosophy : Literature, Art, Music, Culture, Religion, Ethics, Metaphysics, Epistemology, Mind, and Language. Themes of his philosophy : Criticism of Platonic Truth-Concepts; Introduction of Fragmented Subject; Revaluation of Values; Will to Power; Explanation of Morality; Criticism of Religion, esp. Christianity; Master and Slave; the Super- human; Eternal Recurrence of the Same.
Background image of page 2
Part 1: Knowledge
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Criticism of the Platonic Concept of ‘Truth’ Nietzsche is criticizing ‘Truth’ understood in a universal, absolute, and metaphysical sense (not in a pragmatic sense). This notion originally derives from Plato, and implies that ‘Truth’ belongs in the world of ideal forms, not in the world of appearances. Splitting the world up into two: the world of ideal forms representing perfection, and the world of appearances representing imperfection, Plato devaluates and depreciates the only world known to us, the world of appearances. Plato’s idea is inherited in Christianity, where the perfect world becomes the world beyond, the Kingdom of God, the Elysium, and the imperfect world, the existent world, nothing but a “wail of tears.” Nietzsche most general objection: there is no ideal world of forms , no transcendent world, no ‘hidden’ world. There is only the world we can see, the imperfect world of appearances; consequently, no heaven and no God. The invention of a perfect transcendent world is human self-deception. Therefore Nietzsche can say that the ‘will to truth’ is ‘will to deception.’ (BGE 2). NO Platonic form of the Chair NO Ladder to Heaven
Background image of page 4
Revaluation of Values If our so-called ‘true world’ (the world of ideal forms or the world beyond) is nothing but illusion and self-deception (in other words, if it is false), and our so-called ‘false world ’ is our actually existent world, then it follows that what has been traditionally called ‘true,’ is false, and what has been traditionally called ‘false,’ is true. This is the mechanism behind Nietzsche’s so-called revaluation of values . The value-opposition ‘true versus false’ has been turned around. Therefore Nietzsche can ask: “why do we want ‘truth’; why not rather untruth?” (BGE 1). Explanation: why do we want ‘truth’ if it is false, why not rather ‘untruth’ if it is true. Nietzsche
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 16

Nietzsche_Presentation-GenLec204 - Nietzsche: Above Humans...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online