MAN-372OL-WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT 3-

MAN-372OL-WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT 3- - Ethical Challenges in...

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Ethical Challenges in European Cultures 1 Ethical Challenges in European Cultures Thomas Edison State College
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Ethical Challenges in European Cultures 2 1.0 Introduction According to Dafoulas & Macaulay (2001), “Culture is the way of live of a particular society. It constitutes things like sets of rules on manners, dressing codes, language, religion, rituals, norms, and systems of belief” (p. 1). Culture of a society can be looked at as constituting four elements, which are passed on from one generation to the next through learning as Dafoulas & Macaulay continues to say. These are values, norms, artifacts, and institutions. Values consists of thoughts about the important things in life as seen by a society, norms on the other hand are expectations of behavior of people in different circumstances. Cultural institutions are organizations of the society through which norms and values are handed on while artifacts are the physical things or materials, which represent a society’s cultural values and norms such as buildings, a national flag, monuments, etc. In a business organization, it could be prizes won in challenges or the pioneer products of a company, which have special meanings, and there could be stories told about them. In a business organization, ceremonies and celebrations could be a cultural element where these actions are performed repeatedly in specific situations and hold specific meanings such as promotions and retirements, everyday events such as Christmas. An organization could also have heroes in its culture, which are used as epitomes and idealized so the members can learn from them such as founders of an organization, or an officer who did a heroic act. The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Workforce Development Board (2002) says, “Attitudes are an important cultural aspect in an organization where members display certain beliefs that tell others where they belong” (p. 3). 2.0 Business and Economic Implications of Differences in Culture and Values In understanding the actions of business organizations in Europe or elsewhere in the world, culture is an important factor to consider. The language used in the European culture is
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Ethical Challenges in European Cultures 3 one element that has an impact on all business adventures. Even people who use the same language such as English among the Americans and the British, it can still bring
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2012 for the course MANAGEMENT 301 taught by Professor ?? during the Spring '10 term at Thomas Edison State.

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MAN-372OL-WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT 3- - Ethical Challenges in...

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