Lab_1_Intro_Skeleton_MAP2012 - Lab 1 The Human Skeleton -...

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1 Lab 1 The Human Skeleton - Objectives - To familiarize students with the laboratory room, rules, and regulations To learn the major bones of the primate skeleton and other relevant anatomical terms Introduction to the Skeleton At birth the human skeleton is made up of over 275 different bones. Some of these bones fuse together as the body matures, leaving only 206 bones in the adult body. Bones are living structures with 5 functions: protect internal organs support the body make blood cells store minerals provide sites for muscle attachment (allowing movement) A point where two or more bones articulate (connect) is called a joint. There are two different types of joints in the body: Movable joints (like ball-and-socket , hinge , gliding , and pivot joints) Immovable joints (like the bones of the skull and pelvis ) which allow little or no movement Knowing the bones of the body provides the foundation for the study of human evolution because bones and teeth are often the only evidence we have from the fossil record. Therefore, the ability to identify skeletal remains allows you to compare fossil material with modern living humans and nonhuman primates in order to make inferences regarding locomotor behavior and other adaptations.
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The Skeleton Zygomatic
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2012 for the course SCI MAP-UA.305 taught by Professor Disotell during the Spring '11 term at NYU.

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Lab_1_Intro_Skeleton_MAP2012 - Lab 1 The Human Skeleton -...

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