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prob 3 - According to Le Châtelier's principle when...

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The reverse process is called esterification. It happens when a carboxylic acid and an alcohol react, a water molecule is removed, and an ester molecule is formed. Since the reaction is a reversible process, the amount of products and reactants present as the reaction proceeds should eventually reach equilibrium. Therefore, the experimental conditions should involve the use of reactants carboxylic acid and alcohol, the use of acid catalyst, such as sulfuric acid, reflux followed by the removal of water.
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Unformatted text preview: According to Le Châtelier's principle, when equilibrium is disturbed or when trying to establish an equilibrium, the reaction will move towards the direction that relieves the stress of change in condition. The conditions above all try to push the reaction toward the right, making ester. Start with only reactants make the reaction go to product side, use catalysts make the forward reaction go faster, and removing water, the product, also pushes the reaction to the right....
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