prob 3 - According to Le Chtelier's principle, when...

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The reverse process is called esterification. It happens when a carboxylic acid and an alcohol react, a water molecule is removed, and an ester molecule is formed. Since the reaction is a reversible process, the amount of products and reactants present as the reaction proceeds should eventually reach equilibrium. Therefore, the experimental conditions should involve the use of reactants carboxylic acid and alcohol, the use of acid catalyst, such as sulfuric acid, reflux followed by the removal of water.
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Unformatted text preview: According to Le Chtelier's principle, when equilibrium is disturbed or when trying to establish an equilibrium, the reaction will move towards the direction that relieves the stress of change in condition. The conditions above all try to push the reaction toward the right, making ester. Start with only reactants make the reaction go to product side, use catalysts make the forward reaction go faster, and removing water, the product, also pushes the reaction to the right....
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2012 for the course CHEM 1A taught by Professor Nitsche during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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