PSYCH REVIEW NOTES - :Freud 08:35 Personality= dynamicforces/ SigmundFreud= patients

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The Psychodynamic Approach: Freud 08:35 Personality = outward expression of interaction of host of sometimes conflicting  dynamic forces/desires formed in childhood that lie beneath consciousness Sigmund Freud = “father of psychoanalysis” based his theories on interactions with  patients Often they had “hysteria” (physical ailments with no apparent physiological cause  psychogenic/psychological origin) i.e. glove anesthesia (numbness of the hand, but not the arm…given the projections of  nerves from the spine, this isolated hand numbness cannot be due to nerve problems) The Psychodynamic Approach: Origins Treatment was “psychoanalysis” – goal was to become aware of the unconscious  (repressed) emotions and memories.  This awareness and expression of anxiety related  to the repressed memories/desires would help relieve symptoms Freud’s idea about personality, psychopathology, and unconscious motivation are some  of the most widely cited in history and in literature Personality Result of 3 Basic Conflicting Components: ID: (the devil on the shoulder) Primitive component containing sexual instincts, biological urges, aggressive/destructive  impulses Source of libido, psychic/sexual energy that provides energy for the entire personality Operates according to the hedonistic principle Impulsive, amoral, selfish EGO (the you): Logical, rational component which functions to satisfy id’s urges and carry out  transactions in the world Acts according to reality principle (i.e. I want it now, but if I wait I will be able to get it  more easily with fewer neg. consequences) SUPEREGO (the angel on the shoulder) Moral component, consisting of conscience and ego ideal Sets moral guidelines which limits flexibility of the ego (i.e. I want it (ID), I can take it  later when no one is looking (EGO), but that would be stealing and stealing is wrong  (SUPERGO)
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According to that weirdly shaped graph, ID operates behind what is not available to  awareness (repressed anxieties/childhood memories) Defense Mechanisms: Unconscious conflict results in anxiety.  We cope in a number of defense mechs that  reduce anxiety by distorting perceptions of reality Repression: primary defense mechanism in which we forget or bury desire and memory   that it is unconscious I have no memory of incestuous urges (example) Displacement: re-directing socially unacceptable impulses towards acceptable goals Example, I express conflict in a work of art Reaction Formation: behaving in a way opp. Of what true, anxiety provoking feelings   would dictate i.e. I resent pkak so I pretend I care so much Rationalization: re-defining undesirable feelings or behavior in ways
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2012 for the course PSYCH v89.9030.0 taught by Professor Tomaschamorro-premuzic during the Fall '11 term at NYU.

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PSYCH REVIEW NOTES - :Freud 08:35 Personality= dynamicforces/ SigmundFreud= patients

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