Chapter 15 - Chapter 15: Sexually Transmitted Infections...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 15: Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS Chapter 15 Outline Attitudes and the STI Epidemic Sexually Transmitted Infections Ectoparasitic Infections: Pubic Lice and Scabies Pubic Lice Scabies Bacterial Infections: Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Chlamydia, and More Gonorrhea Spyhilis Chapter 15 Outline (Cont.) Chlamydia Chancroid Vaginal Infections Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Viral Infections: Herpes, Human Papillomavirus, and Hepatitis Herpes Human Papillomavirus Viral Hepatitis Chapter 15 Outline (Cont.) Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Incidence Knowledge and Attitude Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prevention Families and HIV Chapter 15 Outline (Cont.) Global Aspects of AIDS Eastern Europe and Central Asia North America and Central/Western Europe Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America The Caribbean The Middle East Chapter 15 Outline (Cont.) Preventing STIs and AIDS Early Detection Talking About STIs Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS Attitudes and the STI epidemic Sexually Transmitted Infections The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Cross-Cultural Aspects of AIDS Preventing STIs and AIDS Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS (Cont.) Over 65 million people in the U.S. are living with a STI 19 million STI infections occur each year, half to those to people 15-24 years old There are more than 25 infections that spread mainly through sexual activity Attitudes and the STI Epidemic STIs have been viewed as a sign of corrupt sexuality Punishment concept of disease that a person got what they deserved Negative beliefs and stigma about STIs currently exist These negative attitudes can interfere with getting tested for an STI Attitudes and the STI Epidemic (Cont.) College students believe they are immune to STIs and engage in high-risk sexual behaviors e.g. multiple partners, unprotected intercourse ?2/3 of STIs occur in people under 25? Sexually Transmitted Infections All states must report syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid, chlamydia, HIV, & AIDS cases Many states require that genital warts and herpes be reported Women are more susceptible to gonorrhea, chlamydia, HIV Women have more risk of complications from STIs because vaginal tissue is fragile Women are more likely to be asymptomatic Some infections have properties of latency Sexually Transmitted Infections (Cont.) STIs can affect pregnancies miscarriage, stillbirth, early onset of labor, mental retardation, fetal or uterine infection 30-40% of preterm births and infant deaths are due to STIs Some can cross the placenta (syphilis, HIV) Some can infect the newborn during delivery (chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, HIV) HIV can be transmitted through breastfeeding Antibiotics and c-sections can minimize harm Sexually Transmitted Infections (Cont.)Sexually Transmitted Infections (Cont....
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Chapter 15 - Chapter 15: Sexually Transmitted Infections...

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