Maternal, infant and adolescent week 6

Maternal, infant and adolescent week 6 - Maternal, Infant,...

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Maternal, Infant, Child and Adolescent Health (Part 1) Reproductive Health Includes the social, personal & biological preparation for the responsibilities of Good reproductive health requires concern about health and well being of all involved Maternal, infant and child health encompasses the health of women of childbearing age: o From pre-pregnancy o Through pregnancy, labor and delivery o The postpartum period o The health of the child prior to birth through adolescence Maternal, infant and child health statistics are important indicators of the effectiveness of the disease prevention and health promotion services in the community Early community efforts provide a positive environment that supports the physical and emotional needs of the woman, infant and family o Successful efforts reduce the need for more costly medical or social assistance to these same members of society late in their lives Unintended pregnancies Lack of prenatal care Poor maternal and child nutrition Maternal drug use Low immunization rates Poverty Limited education Insufficient child care Lack of health care services in the community Definitions of Family The U.S. Census Bureau: o A group of two people or more related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together Community health perspective: o A marriage, or having two parents, serves as an important family characteristic in relation to a child’s well-being Family composition and other factors that affect health The traditional family is changing: o Newer forms of cohabitation o Two-parent families steadily declining o Over 35% of all births to unmarried mothers o Nearly 25% of children under 6 years under poverty level o 50% of mothers with infants work outside home
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o Single sex couples adopting Risks for Non-Traditional Families Increased health risks for infants and children who are raised in single-parent families: o Adverse birth outcomes o Low birth weights o Increase of infant mortality o Children living in poverty Reproductive Health An important part of reproductive health is family planning o The process of choosing the preferred number and the spacing of children in ones family and selecting the means to achieve this goal Effective family planning includes preconception education, good gynecological, maternal and child care Teenage Pregnancy Teenage pregnancy: o Annually 750,000 o 90% of unmarried teenage pregnancies were unintended 55% end in birth 31% end in abortion 14% end in miscarriages U.S. teenage pregnancy rate is still 2x that of any other industrial nation U.S. teen abortion rate is 3x that of many other nations $7 billion is spent yearly only social, health and welfare for these teenagers Every $1 spent on family planning saves $5.40 Every day in the United States: o 7,500 unintended pregnancies occur
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Maternal, infant and adolescent week 6 - Maternal, Infant,...

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