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Unformatted text preview: Principles of Public Health (week 9) Adult, Senior and Chronic Health (part 1) Trends in Mortality-Review Early 1900s o Most mortality caused by infectious diseases o TB, pneumonia, gastroenteritis, etc Today o Chronic diseases & non-communicable events o Accidents, suicide, homicide, etc o Risk factors are related to lifestyle: 30% of all cancers associated with smoking 35% of cancers linked to poor dietary habits Adults & Seniors Adults 25-64 years of age Seniors o Old: older than 65 o Young old: 65-74 o Middle old: 75-84 o Old old: older than 85 Ages 15-64 are the most productive years of life o Complete formal education, raise families, select career, etc Chronic Disease Systematic health problem greater than 3 months Cause of death for 70% of Americans Cause extended pain and suffering: decreased quality of life Chronic, disabling conditions cause major limitations in activity for about 10% of Americans o 25 million people Costs of Chronic Disease Chronic diseases account for more than 75% of the nations $1.4 trillion medical care costs Chronic disease account for 1/3 of the years of potential life lost before age of 65 Diabetes-$132 billion a year Arthritis-$82 billion a year Adult Health Adult middle years known as sandwich years o Responsible not only for their own health, but also their children and their aging parents Adults are gateway for health information and education for these other groups Overall Leading Causes of Death Mortality for 25-44 year olds: o Unintentional injuries o Cancer o Heart disease, suicide, homicide, HIV Mortality for 45-64 years old: o Cancer o Heart disease o Unintentional injuries o Diabetes, stroke, chronic lower resp. diseases Cancer is the #1 killer for 45-64 year olds o Most prevalent: lung, colorectal, breast, prostate o Screenings important to catch early Ages 65+ o Cancer o Heart disease o Stroke o Chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD) Risk Factors A habit, trait, or condition in a person that is associated with an increased risk of developing a disease or condition Non-modifiable Risk factors o Cannot be changed through prevention measures Sex, age, family history, personality type Modifiable risk factors o Those that are amenable to prevention measures High blood pressure, cholesterol, smoking, diet, exercise, sexual practices Risk Factors for Chronic Disease Smoking Lack of exercise Alcohol consumption Body weight What is Cancer? Cancer develops when cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control Normal body cells grow, divide, and die o Instead of dying, cancer cells outlive normal cells and continue to form new abnormal cells Most cancer usually forms a tumor Cancer spreads by: o Direct spread- growing into surrounding tissues o Lymph channels o Bloodstream Metastasis o Cancer cells traveling to other parts of the body, growing and replacing normal tissue Cancer Tumors...
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2012 for the course PHLT 241 taught by Professor Busniak during the Spring '12 term at Rutgers.
- Spring '12