week 11 - Principles of Public Health Selected Residential...

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Principles of Public Health: Selected Residential Health Topics (Week 11) Housing 12 million crowded substandard dwellings in the U.S. o 15% of all available housing 8 million are in such bad shape they cannot be fixed without major repairs at great expense We spend more than 90% of our time indoors o #1 site of disabling injuries o 3 million injuries 21,500 fatal accidents occur annually Housing: Most Common Injuries Falls Fire Scalding Poisonings Firearms Asphyxiation/suffocation Good Housing Protects against the spread of communicable disease by providing: o Safe drinking water o Toilet facilities o Exclusion of vermin o Protection from the elements o Space to prevent overcrowding o Refrigeration for food protection Protects against injury: o Fire protection o Dangers from electrical shocks or burns o Protection from toxic gas poisoning (CO) o Well-lit and properly maintained Prevents falls, slips and tripping injuries Promotes good mental health and provides for our fundamental psychological needs Poor housing leads to: o A decline in pride and motivation o o A decline in good study habits in children and lowers educational goals Lack of privacy leads to feelings of low self esteem o Access to medical care o Good nutrition
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o Social standards for childcare and personal health o Sanitation & environment Health Problems Crowding Ventilation o Insufficient air circulation can affect health o Dust, mold, moisture, odors, CO2, CO, ETS, asbestos, radon Heating/cooling o Hypothermia, heat exhaustion Lighting o Poorly lit rooms cause accidents Water supply o Hot & cold water must be provided Waste elimination o Sewage facilities Inadequate facilities promote disease Kitchen facilities o Physical structure o Must be structurally sound o Must be free of vermin o Waste must stored properly in vermin proof containers Housing-Fire Safety Egress o Minimum of 2 Smoke detectors o Adjacent to sleeping areas Substandard Housing (4=slum) Contaminated water Water supply outside Shared or outside toilet More than 1.5 persons per room Overcrowding of sleeping quarters Deterioration Lack of windows Lack of electricity Lack of dual exits Installed heating lacking in ¾ of rooms Substandard Housing Housing problems can be addressed with regulation
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o Building and zoning o Housing, health and property maintenance codes New structures or remodeling must conform to current regulations Crowding Habitable space o Any room used for sleeping, eating or cooking Not toilets, closets, utility rooms or hallways Habitable space required o Minimum of 150ft2 o Ceiling minimum 7 feet Less than 5 feet should not be used for living 2+ people share room for sleeping:
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week 11 - Principles of Public Health Selected Residential...

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