EXAM 3 - University Physics II Practice Problems For Exam...

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University Physics II Practice Problems For Exam III Magnetic Field(MF) MF1. An accelerating voltage of 2 500 V is applied to an electron gun, producing a beam of electrons originally traveling horizontally north in vacuum toward the center of a viewing screen 35.0 cm away. (a) What are the magnitude and direction of the deflection on the screen caused by the Earth’s gravitational field? (b) What are the magnitude and direction of the deflection on the screen caused by the vertical component of the Earth’s magnetic field, taken as 20.0 T down? Does an electron in this vertical magnetic field move as a projectile, with constant vector acceleration perpendicular to a constant northward component of velocity? Is it a good approximation to assume it has this projectile motion? Explain. MF2. A cyclotron designed to accelerate protons has an outer radius of 0.350 m. The protons are emitted nearly at rest from a source at the center and are accelerated through 600 V each time they cross the gap between the dees. The dees are between the poles of an electromagnet where the field is 0.800 T. (a) Find the cyclotron frequency for the protons in this cyclotron. (b) Find the speed at which protons exit the cyclotron and (c) their maximum kinetic energy. (d) How many revolutions does a proton make in the cyclotron? (e) For what time interval does one proton accelerate? MF3. A rod of mass 0.720 kg and radius 6.00 cm rests on two parallel rails (Fig. MF3) that are d = 12.0 cm apart and L = 45.0 cm long. The rod carries a current of I = 48.0 A in the direction shown and rolls along the rails without slipping. A uniform magnetic field of magnitude 0.240 T is directed perpendicular to the rod and the rails. If it starts from rest, what is the speed of the rod as it leaves the rails? Figure MF3 MF4. A rod of mass m and radius R rests on two parallel rails (Fig. MF3) that are a distance d apart and have a length L . The rod carries a current I in the direction shown and rolls along the rails without slipping. A uniform magnetic field B is directed perpendicular to the rod and the rails. If it starts from rest, what is the speed of the rod as it leaves the rails? MF5 The rotor in a certain electric motor is a flat, rectangular coil with 80 turns of wire and dimensions 2.50 cm by 4.00 cm. The rotor rotates in a uniform magnetic field of 0.800 T. When the plane of the rotor is perpendicular to the direction of the magnetic field, it carries a current of 10.0 mA. In this orientation, the magnetic moment of the rotor is directed opposite the magnetic field. The rotor then turns through one-half revolution. This process is repeated to cause the rotor to turn steadily at 3 600 rev/min. (a) Find the maximum torque acting on the rotor. (b) Find the peak power output of the motor. (c) Determine the amount of work performed by the magnetic field on the rotor in every full revolution.
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2012 for the course PHYS 219 taught by Professor ? during the Summer '10 term at Texas A&M.

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EXAM 3 - University Physics II Practice Problems For Exam...

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