ANTH Sex and Gender

ANTH Sex and Gender - Socialization and Identity ANTH 102...

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Socialization and Identity ANTH 102 Understanding Other Cultures Fall 2006
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Sex and Gender Who we are as determined by genes and environment as we grow and mature Nature and nurture key factors in formation of sex-gender roles Men and women differ genetically: Women have two X chromosomes Men have an X and Y chromosome
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Sex and Gender: Sexual Dimorphism Differences in male and female biology Primary characteristics: Genitalia Reproductive organs Secondary characteristics: Breasts Voice Hair distribution Also: average weight, height, strength, and longevity
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Sex and Gender What effects do the genetic and physiological differences between the sexes have on the way men and women act (and are treated) in different societies? Anthropologists have discovered many similarities and differences in the roles of men and women in different cultures.
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Sex and Gender Gender roles can vary with: Environment Economy Adaptive strategy Type of political system
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Definitions Gender roles : tasks and activities a culture assigns to the sexes. Gender stereotypes : oversimplified but strongly held ideas about the characteristics of males and females. Gender stratification
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ANTH Sex and Gender - Socialization and Identity ANTH 102...

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