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09_HumPopII - Announcements Announcements Environmental...

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Announcements: Feb 15, 2012
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Environmental Issues assignment due March 2 See link in Moodle and / or talk to your TA! First exam in two weeks: Wed. Feb 29 Discussion grades will be updated soon! Announcements: Feb 15, 2012
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Social, political, cultural factors influence human population growth What determines how many children a woman has? What policies do countries have on population growth? Immigration?
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Human Population Issues II Lecture Objectives: 1. Be introduced to specific examples of human population growth in different countries. 2. Learn about Easter Island and human carrying capacity. 3. Understand how human fit into food webs and the concept of ecosystem engineers.
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Carrying Capacity - Number of individuals of a species that can be indefinitely sustained in a given area.
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Environmental Resistance Any factor (limiting factor) in the environment influencing carrying capacity. Four main factors: Raw material availability Energy availability Waste accumulation and disposal Organism interaction
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CIA world Factbook – information on different countries Population information Birthrate, death rate, AIDS statistics https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html
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Infant Mortality rate (2009 est.): Rank Country (deaths/1,000 live births) 1 Angola 180.21 2 Afghanistan 153.14 3 Liberia 138.24 4 Niger 116.66 5 Mali 115.86 6 Somalia 109.19
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Infant Mortality rate (2009 est.): Rank Country (deaths/1,000 live births) 180 U. S. A. 6.22 220 Hong Kong 2.92 221 Japan 2.79 222 Sweden 2.75 223 Bermuda 2.46 224 Singapore 2.31
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Life expectancy at birth (2009 est.): 1 Macau 84.36 2 Andorra 82.51 3 Japan 82.12 4 Singapore 81.98 5 Hong Kong 81.86 6 Australia 81.63 49 United States 78.11
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Life expectancy at birth (2009 est.): (218-224) Afganistan, Central African Republic, Liberia, Mozambique, Lesotho, Zambia, Angola all < 45 years
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HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate (2007): (68) USA 0.6% (1) Swaziland 26.1% (2) Botswana 23.9% 9 countries have > 10% (169) Saudi Arabia 0.01%
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