ILE_372_Part4_1 - 20.04.2010 CHAPTER 37 Automation of...

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20.04.2010 1 CHAPTER 37 Automation of Manufacturing Processes 2 Chapter 37 Outline Figure 37.1
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2 3 Development in the History of Automation of Manufacturing Processes TABLE 37.1 Date Development 1500–1600 Water power for metalworking; rolling mills for coinage strips. 1600–1700 Hand lathe for wood; mechanical calculator. 1700–1800 Boring, turning, and screw cutting lathe, drill press. 1800–1900 Copying lathe, turret lathe, universal milling machine; advanced mechanical calculators. 1808 Sheet-metal cards with punched holes for automatic control of weaving patterns in looms. 1863 Automatic piano player (Pianola). 1900–1920 Geared lathe; automatic screw machine; automatic bottlemaking machine. 1920 First use of the word robot. 1920–1940 Transfer machines; mass production. 1940 First electronic computing machine. 1943 First digital electronic computer. 1945 First use of the word automation. 1948 Invention of the transistor. 1952 First prototype numerical-control machine tool. 1954 Development of the symbolic language APT (Automatically Programmed Tool); adaptive control. 1957 Commercially available NC machine tools. 1959 Integrated circuits; first use of the term group technology. 1960s Industrial robots. 1965 Large-scale integrated circuits. 1968 Programmable logic controllers. 1970 First integrated manufacturing system; spot welding of automobile bodies with robots. 1970s Microprocessors; minicomputer-controlled robot; flexible manufacturing systems; group technology. 1980s Artificial intelligence; intelligent robots; smart sensors; untended manufacturing cells, 1990s Integrated manufacturing systems; intelligent and sensor-based machines; telecommunications and global manufacturing networks; fuzzy logic devices; artificial neural networks; Internet tools. 4 Goals of implementing Automation c Integrate various aspects of manufacturing operations to improve product quality and uniformity, minimize cycle times and effort, and reduce labor cost. c Improve productivity by reducing manufacturing costs through better control of production. c
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ILE_372_Part4_1 - 20.04.2010 CHAPTER 37 Automation of...

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