Unit Activity_ Communism and the Cold War pg2.pdf - Task...

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9/24/2020 Task: Assessing Cold War Leaders 1/3 Task 2 Assessing Cold War Leaders The Cold War was a time of in±amed passions. Nations were engulfed in suspicion and paranoia. It was especially important for leaders to keep a cool head in trying times. One wrong move could have spelled disaster. As the American diplomat George Kennan observed, “I would plead for cool nerves and a keen eye, and the realization that one can be wrong without being evil, and that those wrong ones might be ourselves.” In other words, Cold War leaders needed to acknowledge not only their enemy’s faults and weaknesses, but also their own. However, each Cold War nation also had its fair share of “hard-liners.” Hard-liners advocated for the following policies: standing up to the enemy negotiating from a position of strength using nuclear weapons, if necessary In short, they were willing to start another con±ict or war to win the international power struggle. There were at least two occasions where one or the other side came very close to using nuclear weapons: the Korean War and the Cuban Missile Crisis. There could have been others. Fortunately, negotiation and restraint won the day over the hard-liners.

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