wittgenstein80

wittgenstein80 - L. Whgaa am d E . _ 7, OSOPHICAL...

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Unformatted text preview: L. Whgaa am d E . _ 7, OSOPHICAL mvnsnesnons I ‘ observed‘ctmeonfi '. finflzn” o ' i i l i hen 'tzt.) , _. .S sel”. Wk wenn ich bin heu (1 et iotzlich m inem Blick? _' “Alo nd cine Tausciitmg.”———-Aer in ed r und kenneh ihn angr en, _ da und sein Versdhwinden." ar irge d n , nach einer it vets windet -‘_ .w den. Was solln wirnun sage P b reit,—-—die sagen,ob an so 80. I say “There is a 'chair“. What if I go up to it, meaning to g” fetch it, and it suddenly disappears from sight?—-—“So it wasn’t a chair, _ but some kind of illusion”. But in a few moments we see it again and are able to touch it and so on.———“So the chair was there after ali and its disappearance was some kind of illusion”.————But suppose that after a time it disappears again—or seems to disappear. What are we to say now? Have you rules ready for such casesnruies saying whether one may use the word “chair” to include this kind of ""' But do we miss them when we use the word “chair”; and are we to say that we do not really attach any meaning to this word, because we / are not equipped with rules for every possible application of it? A i 'l 1 _. 81. F. P. Ramsey once emphasized in conversation with me that “2) i O H- ' t :e gehen sie uns be _ ‘ ebrauch a; w sagen, daB wit a [diesem We. gin en, da wir nicht " ' alle Moghc ege ausgerfistet sind Em esprach mitmir tont,dieLo .' aft. Genau welche dee ihm da e . at aber aweifellos - l'. verwandt mi 1 n ist: daB wir na '11 in der Phil .r oft mit Spielen, K I .' en nach feste agen ko'nnen, a' u e Sprache g e‘l spieien.—-—-Sat L. nun abe-, 'ck sich solchen y' alk"en rmr Haber, r am Rande ein MiBerstandniss. redeten wir in _i er "11k von ein re Logik cine gilt, leichsam, ' ii die Logik doch'cht vo der Sprac e ' i in dem Sinne, '~ ie cine ! aturwiss‘- g, und man hi5 tens sa en kann, ir Aber hier are das tort “' -: s waren dies Sprachen esser, : gssprache; d als bran te es . n endlich ze'gt, wie ein r1 tiger logic was a ‘normative science’. I do not know exactly what he had ; v in mind, but it was doubtless closely related to what only dawned on ‘ me later: namely, that in philosophy we often compare the use of words with games and calculi which have fixed rules, but cannot say that someone who is using language mm: be playing such a game—— But if you say that our languages only approximate. to such calculi you are standing on the very brink or a misunderstanding. For then it may look as if what we were talking about were an ideal language. As if our logic were, so to speak, a logic for a vacuum—Whereas logic does not treat of language—or of thought—4n the sense in which a natural science treats of a natural phenomenon, and the most that can be said is that we roam-mt ideal languages. But here the word “ideal” is liable to mislead, for it sounds as if these languages were better, more perfect, than our everyday language; and as if it took the logician to shew people at last what a proper sentence looked like. “I . All this, however, can only appear in the right fight when one has attained greater clarity about the concepts of understanding, meaning, and thinking. For it will then also become clear what can lead us (and did lead me) to think that if anyone utters a sentence and mean: or / Mrfland: it he is operating a calculus according to definite rules. ’1 min dc: e: vo-rht'? Dis; - tdoI . .. m der ‘Worte, den wir beqba ten.5' _ ‘ g satisfactorily 3.3 .ba Ar ader die Re el .diecr‘b‘fim rau _ J -r - which he iooks I. - .qu irn recht Licht ersche en, t s ehens, Me ens und Denk gro' I re dann ird es auch kla ween, u d mich rieitet hat) zu de en, 23, __ i. d ihn mi t, oder warrlebf, J?- 't - d .Ldodfi vdd 33 05 5953 v5. 39”“ on“ H mdofiodd “8:309 mo bdqu @0338 $3. ufl Efi New“ and “om 88am Baum? €33 Scum ud 353 “0d Adomfiumaofidm mo 3.8 a 3.3 a? Hum .m in Adda? wed hudoufl dean can 350? 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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2012 for the course PHIL 330 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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wittgenstein80 - L. Whgaa am d E . _ 7, OSOPHICAL...

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