Name:Elementary AstronomyLab 3:Introduction to Kepler’s LawsWrite your answers directly on the lab or on another sheet of paper and turn them in at orbefore the designated time.Make sure all your papers are stapled and your name is on at leastone of them (preferably the first page).Remember that while you’re working with your labpartner(s) on these labs, you should write up your work in your own words.Goals:•To gain an understanding of Kepler’s Three Laws with three different small projectsoKepler’s 1stLaw:You will determine the eccentricities of orbits by drawingellipses and calculating their properties.oKepler’s 2ndLaw:You will confirm Kepler’s 2ndLaw by using the characteristics ofPluto’s orbitoKepler’s 3rdLaw:You will test Kepler’s 3rdLaw by studying the orbits of Jupiter’sGalilean moonsKepler’s laws are observationally derived mathematical descriptions of how objects move inorbits around a large central mass.For this lab you will need a ruler.If you do not have one at home, you can print one off theinternet.If you don’t have a printer, there are apps that you can use on your phone that canact as a ruler.Kepler’s 1stLaw