Jewish Studies Lecture Notes for final

Jewish Studies Lecture Notes for final - (forfinal Lecture...

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Jewish Studies Lecture Notes (for final) 18:18 Lecture 10/25/11 Overview of course [before midterm] 1. Issues with defining Judaism 2. Religion in HB 3. Creating Judaism 4. Rabbinic texts 5. Rabbinic concepts Mitzvot=”commandments” 1. How to live in accordance with gods will? 2. Halakhah=”path” or “way” 3. Time more important than place 1. HB emphasizes place (ie, Jerusalem) 2. Rabbis emphasize time 4. Local rabbi as arbiter of Halakhah 5. Mitzvot often serve to inscribe difference 1. Between Jews and non-Jews 2. Between rabbinic Jews and non-rabbinic Jews 6. Not all Jews agree with rabbinic notions  1. Evidence from some ancient synagogues 7. According to rabbis, Israel received the mitzvot from god on mount sianai
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8. Internally and externally signal obedience to god Mitzvot: kosher laws Kosher= “fit” 1. Not “clean” 2. Kashrut=kosher laws and practices HB not very specific about dietary rules 1. For ex: genesis 9:4 prohibits eating meat with blood in it 1. How does one adhere to this mitzvah? 2. Deuteronomy 12:16 says to pour blood on the ground like water 2. Kosher salt is used in making meat kosher by pulling out moisture (blood)  from meat “kosher” animal slaughter for the rabbis: 1. “kosher” animal 1. disputes about  glatt  (=”smooth” in Yiddish) 2. slaughtered according to rabbinic procedure 1. must be performed by a rabbinic Jew 1. can be a woman 2. by a rabbinically-trained butcher 3. who follows a particular procedure 1. hunting problematic 3. post slaughter rules 1. remove blood via soaking and salting
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2. proper handling and supervision throughout 1. no filet mignon (genesis 32) 2. Postville controversy  Meat and milk 1. Concept is either vague or absent from HB 2. Look at Deuteronomy 14:21 How did Israelites/Jews before rabbis interpret this law? 1. See handout genesis 18:6-8 Philo, on the virtues, 142-144 (LCL) 1. “thou shalt not seethe a lamb in his mothers milk.” (143) 2. don’t boil a calf in its mothers milk 3. didn’t care if you used milk and meat together Mishnah hullin 8:1 1. Can have locust and fish with cheese, just no meat Rabbinic categories of food 1. Meat; milk; parve Separate dishes We have discussed Douglas and Harris What is satlow’s view on Douglas? 1. In HB and rabbis, kashrut is undertdetermined 2. Precise meaning unclear
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“Jewish dietary laws”: “pork” rabbis expand unsystematic HB food rules into a system of mitzvot some of these rulesa re based on precedents in other Jewish sources and some are  rabbinic innovations these rules continue to develop unto today 1. for example: 2. how to prepare tea on Shabbat?
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