ILS 204 (3)

ILS 204 (3) - Lecture 2 Renaissance or early modern period:...

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Lecture 2 Renaissance or “early modern” period: 1330-1400 Petrarch—important transitional figure between middle ages and Renaissance Climbed mt. ventoux in 1336 and wrote about it in 1350 (“Ascent of Mt. Ventoux”) Collected ancient manuscripts Advocated for beauty of pagan literature “despite” being pre-Christian Had himself crowned with laurel leaves (poet “laureate”) Ascent of Mt. Ventoux—contrasts Dante’s “Divine Comedy” Strong appreciation of nature, pleasure, writing Demonstrated it wasn’t sinful to see the world as a place full of opportunities for pleasure Foundations of Renaissance in Italy—economic, political, and cultural activities in Italy 14 th century wars and famine decline of Church civil authority (schism, lay culture) effects of the black death—worst plague to have visited western culture destroyed whole villages, cut aristocratic lines in half, shattered families influenced shift of authority in church
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shifted entire economy—laborers were desired and wages increased Effects of these activites on the arts and learning Rise of “new realism”: earthly pursuit of the good and virtuous—you don’t have to suffer through the life you are given; you can try to change it Also allows for realistic depiction of vices—often grotesque, scatological and very funny Openness to critique of cold sources of knowledge—dogma: Aristotle, Church Fathers Sets the stage for classical revival in learning, education, civic life Division of roman empire: cerca 300 A.D.: after 5thC sack of Rome, Eastern Empire becomes the remaining capital The fall of the west:
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ILS 204 (3) - Lecture 2 Renaissance or early modern period:...

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