good understanding of what ADHD is. In this paper we will explore ADHD: its
manifestation and diagnosis, its biological and neurological causes, treatment options and
future research that should be done to further our understanding of the disorder.
One reason why ADHD isn’t well understood by the general public is because
despite my colorful anecdote, there is no one test used to diagnose ADHD (Mendelson,
1995). In order to meet diagnostic criteria for having ADHD, patients must exhibit
ADHD related behaviors. These behaviors must be excessive, long-term, and pervasive.
Additionally, the behaviors must appear before age 7, continue for at least 6 months and
create a real handicap in at least two areas of a person's life, such as school, home, work,
or social settings (Jaksa, 1998). These behaviors—or symptoms—are divided into three
categories: inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Inattentive indicators include:
failing to pay close attention to details, difficulty keeping attention during tasks, not
seeming to listen when spoken to directly, not following through on instructions,
difficulty organizing tasks and activities, avoiding tasks that require sustained mental
effort, losing things needed for tasks or activities, distractibility and forgetfulness.
those with mostly inattentive ADHD are much less disruptive than those with more
hyperactive or impulsive ADHD, their condition is more likely to go unnoticed and thus