syntax 1 - Syntax How can we tell to which syntactic...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–18. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Syntax How can we tell to which syntactic category a given word belongs? Syntax How can we tell to which syntactic category a given word belongs? We use three criteria:-their meaning -their morphology-their distribution None of the three criteria is infallible but by applying all of them we are usually able to classify any given word. Syntax Verbs (e.g.: listen; itch; believe) Meaning Morphology Distribution Syntax Verbs (e.g.: listen; itch; believe) Meaning Morphology Distribution they characterize: •actions •sensations •states Syntax Verbs (e.g.: listen; itch; believe) Meaning Morphology Distribution they characterize: •actions •sensations •states Can serve as a base for: • __ + /ed/ • __ + /-ing/ • __ + /-s/ (third person) Syntax Verbs (e.g.: listen; itch; believe) Meaning Morphology Distribution they characterize: •actions •sensations •states Can serve as a base for: • __ + /ed/ • __ + /-ing/ • __ + /-s/ (third person) They can occur after auxiliaries and at the beginning of a request: • AUX ___ • (please) ____ Syntax Nouns (e.g.: person; marker; happiness) Meaning Morphology Distribution Syntax Nouns (e.g.: person; marker; happiness) Meaning Morphology Distribution they characterize: •individuals •objects • states Syntax Nouns (e.g.: person; marker; happiness) Meaning Morphology Distribution they characterize: •individuals •objects • states Can serve as a base for: • __ + /-s/ (plural) Syntax Nouns (e.g.: person; marker; happiness) Meaning Morphology Distribution they characterize: •individuals •objects • states Can serve as a base for: • __ + /-s/ (plural) They can occur after determiners • Det ___ Syntax Adjectives (red; succinct; boring) Meaning Morphology Distribution Syntax Adjectives (red; succinct; boring) Meaning Morphology Distribution They designate a property of some entity (entity: book, property of this entity: interesting) Syntax Adjectives (red; succinct; boring) Meaning Morphology Distribution They designate a property of some entity (entity: book, property of this entity: interesting) Can form the comparative or superlative • __ + /-er/ • __ + /-est/ Syntax Adjectives (red; succinct; boring) Meaning Morphology Distribution They designate a property of some entity (entity: book, property of this entity: interesting) Can form the comparative or superlative • __ + /-er/ • __ + /-est/ They can occur between a determiner and a noun, after a linking verb and after a degree word • Det ___ N • linking verb ___ • Deg ___ Syntax Adverbs (e.g.: fast; quickly; attentively) Meaning Morphology Distribution Syntax Adverbs (e.g.: fast; quickly; attentively) Meaning Morphology Distribution They designate a property of some action or state (action: run, property of this action: quickly) Syntax Adverbs (e.g.: fast; quickly; attentively) Meaning Morphology Distribution They designate a property of some action or state (action: run, property of this action: quickly) Can be created by adding /-ly/ to an adjective • [ [Adj] + /-ly/ ] Syntax...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course LING 300 taught by Professor Widmann during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

Page1 / 65

syntax 1 - Syntax How can we tell to which syntactic...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 18. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online