Lecture 16_The Rejection of Dualism

Lecture 16_The Rejection of Dualism - The Rejection of...

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The Rejection of Dualism Epiphenomenalism can be understood as a first step on the road to rejecting dualism. On this view, physical bodies cause mental events, but the mind is causally inert—the mind is merely a by-product of physical activity. 1. Behaviorism (Chapter sections 1. Radical Behaviorism and 2. Logical Behaviorism) i. A staunch rejection of dualism is called behaviorism . The late psychologist B. F. Skinner is the best-known behaviorist. Behaviorism refuses to consider any events that cannot be publicly witnessed and thus excludes mental events. Many behaviorists go further and claim that there can be no mental events. ii. John Watson argued that belief in consciousness goes back to the ancient days of superstition and magic. He claims that because the soul cannot be experienced, there is no such thing and that consciousness is, like magic, a belief that we are trapped in because of our heritage. iii. Gilbert Ryle and Logical Behaviorism a. Gilbert Ryle formed logical behaviorism in response to Watson’s theory. Ryle discussed category mistakes , which generally means to mistake one type of thing for another. Ryle believes that Descartes made a category mistake. It is a mistake to
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2012 for the course PHI 2010 taught by Professor Tacks during the Spring '12 term at Florida State College.

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Lecture 16_The Rejection of Dualism - The Rejection of...

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