Lecture 11_Modern Metaphysics (Leibniz)

Lecture 11_Modern Metaphysics (Leibniz) - Modern...

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Modern Metaphysics (Part 2) Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz a. Leibniz begins with the same technical notion of substance, but Leibniz believes that everything happens for a purpose. The guiding principle of Leibniz’s philosophy is called the Principle of Sufficient Reason , which says that there must be a reason for everything. Even God must have a reason for creating. b. Leibniz argues that there are many substances, which he calls monads . A monad is a simple substance that cannot be divided. Every composite is made up of simple substances. But if the simple substances were extended in space, they would be further divisible into other simple substances. Leibniz decides then that monads must be immaterial and have no extension. He is a pluralist . c. Leibniz’s monads can be created or destroyed but not by any “natural” means. They can be created or destroyed only “all at once.” But notice that compounds of monads can be created or destroyed “naturally.” d.
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Lecture 11_Modern Metaphysics (Leibniz) - Modern...

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