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syntax 2 - Syntax Sentences have constituent structure The...

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Syntax Sentences have constituent structure. The constituents are the phrases that make up the sentence. I saw the man with binoculars. I saw [the man with binoculars]. I saw [the man] [with binoculars].
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Syntax How do we determine to which phrase up belongs? 1) She looked up the number. 2) She looked up the chimney. (a) Substitution test (a) Movement test (a) Coordination test
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Syntax SUBSTITUTION test 1. [Juanita and Juan] arrived [in San Juan] [on Epiphany]. 2. The cabbage [rolls were] salty. 3. They moved [the desk with the wooden top]. 4. Little Andrew swallowed [all the pills]. 5. Mike is [writing a ballad].
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Syntax MOVEMENT test 1. The [army was surrounded] by the enemy. 2. Leona likes [Viennese waltzes and Argentinian tangos]. 3. Jean ate his lunch [in the revolving restaurant]. 4. Eat, drink, and [be merry for] today will become yesterday. 5. The polar bears [were swimming among] the ices floes.
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Syntax Use a conjunction and join each of the following phrases with a phrase of the same type. 1. the new desk 2. assembled the new desk 3. new 4. in a hole 5. rather huge 6. worked on a movie 7. beside the fence 8. really lovely 9. talked to the girls 10.a dentist
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Syntax In each constituent / phrase there is only one head and the rest are dependents. very bright [ N sunflowers ] [ V overflowed ] quite quickly very [ A bright ] quite [ ADV quickly ] [ P inside ] the house
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Syntax The head determines the meaning of the entire phrase. ‘very bright sunflowers’ is about sunflowers not brightness projects its word class the entire phrase. is the only word with the same distribution as the entire phrase. is obligatory. may select for specific dependents (word class; agreement; case)
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Syntax The head determines the meaning of the entire phrase. projects its word class the entire phrase. very bright [ N sunflowers ] [ NP very bright [ N sunflowers ]] is the only word with the same distribution as the entire phrase.
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