intro to judaism notes- Lecture #8

intro to judaism notes- Lecture #8 - st 1 Lecture Religion...

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1 st  Lecture 18:12 Religion Presumption: religion is a human creation Problems with: Beliefs  “Meaning” in ritual First order (us) vs. second order (we) definitions Judaism: Am yisrael – biological notion of extended family All Jews are related Normative claims (us vs. them) Essentialism: an essential characteristic that defines a group of Jews What is Judaism? Family of traditions Polythetic definition Judaism itself has no history; no Judaism believes statements 3 Maps: 1. Self identification 2. Textual traditions a. Canonical – texts that a community has decided it counts (ex. Facebook) b. Conversations 3. Religious practice **MIDTERM** Second temple was destroyed in 70 CE
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2 nd  Lecture 18:12 American Jews – influenced by US
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2 nd  Lecture 18:12 Israeli Jews – influenced by Israel Brief history of US Judaism 1630 – Dutch Jews arrive in Brazil 1654 – Portuguese retake Brazil, expel Jews Some went to Amsterdam and West Indies One boat ended up in New Amsterdam   New York 1704 – first synagogue in US Sephardim vs. Ashkenazim   different customs US government models changed Jewish Traditions/ways of life Volunteering: used to have to do something to be apart of community. In America, now  one has to willingly do things and choose/volunteer to be apart of the community Domino effect: reform influenced orthodox, orthodox influenced conservative.  Reform Judaism Began in Germany in 1800’s Institutions established in US Grand synagogues with mixed gender seating Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati The Pittsburgh Platform
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2 nd  Lecture 18:12 Conservative Judaism More conservative in terms of reform Jewish Theological Seminary (1887) Halakhah (Jewish law) is dynamic More flexible in certain interpretations Orthodox Judaism Yeshiva University: balance traditional text & modern approach Ultra orthodox, modern orthodox Historical Context Ideology not always practical Being Jewish is divorced from Judaism Now ethnicity not religion emphasized Be a part of Jewish communities without being religious The Holocaust “GI Jew” After holocaust allowed to participate more/on same level Reconstructionism Mordechai Kaplan founded
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2 nd  Lecture 18:12 Defined Judaism by practices or customs  Connected more to folkways/traditions Havurah 1960’s Didn’t like establishment Lubavitch Habad Outreach to college campus or other communities Messianic Jews Believe Messiah already came Jews for Jesus Identify themselves as Jews Contentious Issues Driving to synagogue Conservative vs. orthodox Israel Active vs. passive redemption (making it happen yourself vs. waiting for it to happen)
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2 nd  Lecture 18:12 Six day war Food Halev yisrael: milk needs to be watched from cow
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