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Study Guide 2 - Identifications Halakhah Laws Follow the...

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Identifications Halakhah Laws Follow the commandments Differed between denominations of Judaism. Orthodox extremely relied on Halakhah while other denominations were more lose Connects Rabbinic mitzvoth to biblical Mitzvot Underdetermination Different interpretations of biblical mitzvot Causes controversy over Mitzvot because Rabbis have a different interpretations of the biblical Mitzvot Followed local Rabbis interpretations Mitzvah/Mitzvot Commandments- how to live in accordance with God After the temple was destroyed they didn’t have any sacred place therefore lived in a sacred time. The mitzvot created a sense of sacred time o Keeping the covenant- closer to God by keeping the mitzvot o Separation and distinction between other denominations of Jews and other religions Kashrut Kosher laws and practices Rabbinic period: Underdetermined Geonic Period: there is the literal meaning and the interpretation o Can eat a cheeseburger because it is not explicitly stated in the HB o Can only eat holy bird Food laws used to exclude “bugs” from their community Eruv A Sabbath boundary; a legal fiction Restrictions to observe the Sabbath HB is unclear how to observe the Sabbath Pesach/Passover Spring harvest; exodus from Egypt Only eat unleavened bread o Leaven (for rabbis) = any grain moistened for more than 18 minutes Passover sacrifice in HB replaced with rabbinic seder , where haggadah read o Much of it comes from m. Pesahim 10 (p. 249-251) Separate dishes, utensils, pots, etc. Shavuot/Pentecost Underdetermined; later connected to the giving of Torah at Sinai Slaughter of the first born children in Egypt. 50 days after the Sabbath of Passover o Pentecost = “50 th (day) in Greek o Shavuot = “weeks” in Hebrew
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Marked end of barley and beginning of wheat harvest Later connected with giving of the Torah (past rabbinic times- medieval times) Not many specific rituals Sukkot/Tabernacles Commemorates booths built to facilitate the harvest and post-Exodus wandering in Egypt Building code for booths: o (Sukkah in Hebrew letters) Tells how to make a kosher Sukkah 4 species: date palm, myrtle, willow, citron Occurs in October/November and ends the busy “High Holidays” season… Rosh Hashanah New year (for most things) HB calls “the festival of trumpeting” (shofar) In September/October Yom Kippur Day of Atonement 10 days after Rosh Hashanah No more sacrifice, so fast and pray instead Minyan Prayer members Required 10 people Controversy over who is considered a person o Women, slaves, minors? Ketubbah Prenuptial economic contract Shows that rabbis are only concerned with the legal implications of marriage Mamzer Child resulting from adultery or incest Cannot marry a non-Jew mamzer Get Divorce document The man must grant the divorce Agunah An anchored woman
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