MIDTERM 1 STUDY GUIDE - Chapter1 /message Differe

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Chapter 1 00:08 Similarities between speaking and conversation: Organize your thoughts/message Tailoring the message to your audience Telling a story for maximum impact Building up your story then having a big finish Adapting to listener feedback. Listen to advice given by other people. Differences between public speaking and conversation: Public speaking is more structured Time limitations No commentary from listeners Detailed planning. Public speaking requires more formal language. No slang Public speaking requires different method of delivery Announciating Posture Avoid distracting mannerisms Developing Confidence: Stage fright
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Nervousness: a good thing use this to full advantage. Prove people wrong Change nervousness into a positive nervousness  Aquire public speaking experience: once you are accustomed to something its not scary anymore. Prepare: Pick topics  you are interested in/enthusiasm Each minute of speaking requires 1 to 2 hours of prep time. Positive thinking: If you think you can do it you can do it. Practice. The Speech Communication Process: Speaker: Present entire speech without interruption Depends on me- person credibility- knowledge of the subject Enthusiasm Message: Whatever they communicate to somone else. Tone of voice
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Have the intended message be the one that’s accurately communicated What you say and how you say it. Do research and find supporting evidence Making sure non verbal messages do not distract the verbal messages Channel: By which the message is communicated Classmates will hear me without any electronics- direct speech. Listener: Receives the message Many listeners Everything a speaker says is filtered to the listeners frame of reference Meaning of message might be different from speaker to listener. Audience centered Feedback: Listeners might send messages after the speech Facial expression Body movement Interference: External Internal- listener could be distracted by something going on with them. Situation:
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Time and place in which speech occurs Physical setting. Adjust to situation Giving Your First Speech: Developing the speech: Don’t go over the time limit Limited # of points Be creative with your topic Paint a word picture using descriptive language. Organizing the Speech: Intro: Get the attention of the audience A question, story, startling statement Orient what the rest of the speech will be about. Body: Relate events chonilogically 3 main points each focuses on a different aspect of the topic.
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