Unit 1-Key Words and Defintions

Unit 1-Key Words and Defintions - KeyWordsandDefintions...

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Key Words and Defintions 17:03 Chapter 1 Stage Fright: Anxiety over the prospect of giving a speech in front of an audience Adrenaline: A hormone released into the bloodstream in response to physical or mental  stress Positive Nervousness: Controlled nervousness that helps energize a speaker for her or  his presentation Visualization: Mental imaging in which a speaker vividly pictures himself or herself  giving a successful presentation Critical Thinking: Focused, organized thinking about such things as the logical  relationships among ideas, the soundness of evidence, and the difference between  facts and opinions Speaker: The person who is presenting an oral message to a listener Message: Whatever a speaker communicates to someone else Channel: The means by which a message is communicated Listener: The person who receives the speaker’s message
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Frame of reference: The sum of a person’s knowledge. Experience, goals, values, and  attitudes. Mo two people can have exactly the same frame of reference Feedback: The message usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to a speaker Interference: Anything that impedes the communication of a message. Interference can  be external or internal to listeners Situation: The time and place in which speech communication occurs Ethnocentrism: The belief that one’s own group or culture is superior to all other groups  or cultures Chapter 2 Ethics: The branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human  affairs Ethical Decisions: Sound ethical decisions involve weighing a potential course of action  against a set of ethical standards of guidelines Name-calling: The use of language to defame, demean, or degrade individuals or  groups.  Bill of Rights: The first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution Plagiarism: Presenting another person’s language or ideas as one’s own
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Global Plagiarism: Stealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as  one’s own  Patchwork Plagiarism: Stealing ideas or language from two or three sources and  passing them off as one’s own Incremental Plagiarism: Failing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are  borrowed from other people Paraphrase: To restate or summarize an author’s idea in one’s own words Chapter 3 Hearing: The vibration of sound waves on the eardrums and the firing o electrochemical  impulses in the brain Listening: Paying close attention to, and making sense of, what we hear Appreciative Listening: Listening for pleasure or enjoyment Ex: listening to music, to a comedy routine, or to an entertaining speech Empathetic Listening: Listening to provide emotional support for a speaker
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2012 for the course COMM 100 taught by Professor Nicholasschmuhl during the Fall '10 term at Wisconsin.

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Unit 1-Key Words and Defintions - KeyWordsandDefintions...

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