Study guide midterm

Study guide midterm - Studyguidemidterm 20:24

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Study guide midterm 20:24 Diaspora:  Scattering of Jews throughout different countries in Europe and other parts  of the world Formation of modern Jewish identity Ashkenazi:  Jews that come from Eastern Europe Yiddish is the major language of Ashkenazi Jewry Yiddish:  a language comprised of both Hebrew and German Hebrew:  The holy language of Jews Torah is written in Hebrew Talmud is written in Hebrew Mishnah is written in Hebrew Women didn’t learn Hebrew or pray in Hebrew. Women prayed in Yiddish Haskalah: Enlightenment Critical of both the Mitnagdim and the Chasidim. Socialism: Equal pay Zionism: don’t have to wait for the messiah to get to Jews back to Israel Secularization of education
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Modernization Yiddishkeit: using this language, which was mostly dismissed by all intellectuals. Cheder- school for the young boys Government run schools. Began in western Europe and slowly began to influence eastern European Jews. Creates huge cultural tension in the shtetls Create a better form of literature and writing. Goldfaden has a large role in the movement. *****Moses Mendelssohn:  Was a large part of the Haskalah. “father of Jewish Enlightenment” Translated the Bible into German Reform Judaism Ideas of the enlightenment 18 th  century Germany Pale of Settlement: Jews are being forced to be expelled or to convert to Russian orthodoxy. Catherine the Great: Fails therefore forces them in a pale of settlement Jews can never enter the nobility
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Don’t have any rights that the other Russian people have. Forces Jews into remote parts of land- shtetls Shtetl:  Small city This is a Yiddish term, meaning small city. Somewhere in between a village and a large  city. Had their own market places Own synagogues. Surrounded by agriculture but were not allowed to use it. Prohibited from owning land. Pogroms happened in the shtetls Abraham Cahan gives us an idea of what life was like growing up in a shtetl. First wave of migration out of the shtetl into the cities. Isolated remote country side Somewhat romanticized Shabatai Tzvi:  Believed strongly in Kabbalah Claimed himself to be the Massiah Many people believed that he was actually the Massiah. Maskilim:  Jewish Enlightener
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Chassidism:   Reaction against the state of affairs living in eastern Europe Shabatai Tzvi- claimed he was the messiah Baal Shem Tov: Leader of the Chassidic movement Mitnagdim: opponents to the Chassidic movement. Believed in the power of learning. Learning Torah will create a closer connection to G-d.
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2012 for the course JEWISH 319 taught by Professor Potter during the Spring '12 term at Wisconsin.

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Study guide midterm - Studyguidemidterm 20:24

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