syntax 3 - Syntax Sentences have constituent structure. The...

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Unformatted text preview: Syntax Sentences have constituent structure. The constituents are the phrases that make up the sentence. I saw the man with binoculars. I saw [the man with binoculars]. I saw [the man] [with binoculars]. Syntax Phrases within phrases The dependents of a head are themselves grouped into phrases. Each smaller phrase has its own head with its own dependents. [ NP very bright [ N sunflowers]] [ NP [ AP very [ A bright]] [ N sunflowers]] [ NP [ AP [ ADVP [ ADV very]] [ A bright]] [ N sunflowers]] Phrase structure can also be captured by phrase structure trees. Syntax While the head is an obligatory part of a phrase, specifier and complement may be missing: VP Spec V V Complement never reads a book He Syntax While the head is an obligatory part of a phrase, specifier and complement may be missing: VP V V Complement reads a book He Syntax While the head is an obligatory part of a phrase, specifier and complement may be missing: VP V V reads He Syntax While the head is an obligatory part of a phrase, specifier and complement may be missing: XP Spec X X Complement Marks a phrase boundary. Makes meaning of head more precise. Syntax X-bar schema XP Spec X X Complement Marks a phrase boundary. Makes meaning of head more precise. Provides information about the entities implied by (the meaning of) the head. Syntax What can we say about the internal structure of P HRASES ? We say that phrases follow the X-schema: XP Spec X X Complement p. 195, ex. 4 e) a film about pollution f) always study this material g) perhaps earn the money h) that argument with Owen i) the success of the program Syntax Make up a phrase for each of the following phrase trees: PP PP PP P P Deg P P P NP P NP He came .. Syntax What structure does a sentence have then? Syntax What structure does a sentence have then?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course LING 300 taught by Professor Widmann during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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syntax 3 - Syntax Sentences have constituent structure. The...

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